To date, one of the most common urogenital diseases has become thrush in women, whose symptoms significantly worsen the quality of life of the beautiful half of humanity.
Thrush, or candidiasis, is a disease caused by the yeast-like fungi Candida albicans, a certain amount of which functions in the human body throughout life. In conditions favorable for reproduction, the number of these microorganisms is actively growing, provoking the development of the disease.
According to medical statistics, of all types of the disease, vaginal candidiasis is most common, the symptoms of which are manifested both in women who live sexually, and in girls and girls before puberty. Laboratory studies revealed a similarity of vaginal and intestinal candida samples in patients of different ages, which indicates different ways of infection.
Reasons for the appearance
The disease can be caused by:
- wrong way of life;
- stress and nervous strain.
Overfatigue, weakened immunity while taking antibiotics, birth control pills or other hormonal drugs, pregnancy, metabolic disorders, sexually transmitted diseases and chronic diseases entail the growth of a colony of Candida fungi.
Stress and increased anxiety reduce the body's resistance to various diseases. Frequent viral diseases, malnutrition, lack of physical activity and addictions lead to a decrease in the general tone of the body, metabolic disorders and other health problems.
Taking antibiotics also negatively affects the entire body. Rescuing from a dangerous infection, antimicrobials also destroy all beneficial bacteria, which leads to inhibition of the protective functions of the body and at the same time creates the conditions for the development of fungal infection.
Gynecologists indicate that the symptoms of the appearance of thrush in a woman can occur when the sexual partner changes, even if he has no signs of the disease. Men often endure this ailment asymptomatically, being only carriers of infection. Therefore, in order to cure candidiasis and avoid future relapses, both partners must undergo treatment.
In addition, doctors point out that under the guise of a thrush, more serious sexually transmitted infections are often masked. They can occur in parallel with a fungal disease and, if not correctly diagnosed, cause serious complications. These infections include:
- bacterial vaginosis;
To determine a clear treatment regimen, you must pass all the necessary tests and strictly follow the doctor's instructions.
The occurrence of chronic diseases in a woman affects the frequency of thrush. Relapsible patients with diabetes, cirrhosis, chronic bronchitis, tonsillitis, pyelonephritis and having HIV status.
The causes of thrush in women are diverse, it can be quite difficult to identify the main one in a particular clinical case. This can only be done at the appointment with a gynecologist.
How does thrush manifest in women? The first signs of this disease appear brightly:
- They are found in the form of copious cheesy secretions of white, yellow, and sometimes greenish or gray. The discharge sometimes has a faint sour smell and is accompanied by severe itching and burning in the vagina and genital area.
- Acute burning sensation can intensify at night, which causes increased nervousness, leads to insomnia and significantly worsens the general condition of a woman. Doctors advise against combing the itchy areas of the affected genital surface in order to avoid the additional spread of secretions and the appearance of new foci of inflammation. During this period, frequent washing is recommended in order to remove irritating secretions.
- In addition to itching and abundant secretions, pronounced symptoms of thrush in women are swelling of the mucosa of the labia minora and labia majora and their severe redness. Sometimes this leads to disruption of the integument of the genitals and the appearance of microcracks, due to which unpleasant sensations during urination and sexual intercourse can intensify.
The occurrence of thrush in women, its symptoms and treatment are always interconnected. The treatment for chronic candidiasis will differ from the initial infection. Therefore, if you suspect the development of this disease, it is first necessary to get a doctor's consultation.
In order to learn how to treat candidiasis, you need to contact a specialist. An accurate diagnosis depends on the complete clinical picture that the doctor will make, based on the results of the tests and the data of a gynecological examination on the armchair.
Self-medication in this case is very dangerous. This can lead to the development of severe forms of chronic candidiasis, provoke the spread of infection to other organs and tissues of the body, and cause complications in the treatment of concomitant infections.
At the appointment with a gynecologist, the patient needs to be prepared to answer in detail all the questions that he will ask. In this case, you should be as frank as possible, because the treatment plan and the outcome in the fight against thrush directly depend on this.
The detection of thrush in women and the treatment of this disease in the early stages of the manifestation of the disease guarantees a quick recovery. This should be taken with full responsibility. If you have symptoms of thrush, then you need to seek help in the near future. This will help cure candidiasis in a matter of days, avoid relapses and get rid of the annoying symptoms of the disease.
Treatment of thrush in women consists in normalizing the microflora of the vagina, reducing the number of fungal pathogens. The doctor may prescribe antifungal or antimicrobial agents used orally, or combined topical preparations:
- vaginal suppositories.
The best treatment for candidiasis in this particular case will be exactly the one that the doctor prescribed individually.
The use of drugs prescribed by the doctor initially, with repeated use, may be useless or ineffective. This is because some types of fungi can develop resistance to the components that make up the preparations.
An interrupted course of treatment, non-compliance with doctor's recommendations, improper dosage of medication and self-medication can cause the development of chronic candidiasis, lead to diseases of the cervix, cause inflammation of the bladder and urethra.
There are several ways to reduce the manifestations of thrush if taking a gynecologist in the near future is not possible for any reason. Frequent washing with the addition of soda or furatsilina will eliminate severe itching and soothe irritated mucous membranes. You can relieve pain with the help of baby powder or cream.
At the first sign of infection, it is necessary to follow a diet and eat right, limit the use of sweet and spicy foods, flour products, sodas, it is better to eat more vegetables, fruits, drink more water. It is necessary to abandon sexual contacts, exclude heavy physical exertion, relax more.
- During menstruation, it is necessary to use tampons no more than 4 hours in a row, and gaskets should be changed as they are filled.
- Each woman should have individual personal hygiene products: towels, napkins. They should always be dry and clean.
- No need to use antibacterial agents for intimate hygiene, toilet paper with a pungent odor and bright color. This can increase the acidity of microflora.
- It is recommended to wear loose, non-tight clothing made from natural fabrics, avoid wearing tight synthetic tights and trousers. Among the variety of models of underwear, it is worth choosing women's cotton underpants, it is better to completely abandon thongs.
- Antibiotic treatment should be accompanied by the use of probiotics that protect the intestinal microflora from possible changes. The intake of hormonal drugs should be under the supervision of a doctor. The treatment of chronic diseases, as well as sexually transmitted infections, should be carried out in a timely manner.
Thus, the essence of the prevention and treatment of candidiasis is the correct lifestyle, compliance with personal hygiene rules and timely access to a doctor. With a high probability, these simple rules will help reduce the number of relapses of the disease or completely forget about such a nuisance as thrush.
Thrush in women: symptoms and treatment
The appearance of symptoms of thrush in a woman and the treatment of the disease is a problem that is often encountered by women of reproductive age.
The pathology is characterized by inflammation of the vaginal mucosa due to the irritating effect of yeast on it, which belong to the genus Candida (Candida). In medical terminology, thrush is called candidiasis, which is associated with the name of the pathogen.
The disease causes severe discomfort, is not very treatable and often recurs. To get rid of thrush, you need to identify the cause of the activation of fungi and undergo treatment, clearly following the doctor's instructions.
Thrush in women - causes
Various organisms are present in the vaginal microflora, including candida fungi. The growth of their population is restrained by bacteria and local vaginal immunity.
Factors that reduce the body's resistance to infections adversely affect the internal flora, provoke the rapid multiplication of yeast and the appearance of thrush.
Causes of candidiasis can be:
- antibiotic use, especially in the case of long-term therapy;
This is the main reason for the pathological multiplication of candidiasis.
Antibacterial drugs cannot act selectively, so they destroy both pathogenic flora and beneficial microorganisms, including vaginal bacteria, which feed on candida.
As a result, the yeast population increases dramatically and thrush symptoms appear.
- decreased body resistance (poor immunity);
The human immune system inhibits the development of bad microorganisms, which are always present in the body and are considered conditionally pathogenic. When resistance decreases, fungi become active, and their numbers begin to prevail in the microflora of the vagina.
The concentration of sex hormones (estrogen, progesterone) in the bloodstream affects the condition of the mucous membrane and the microflora of the vagina. Instability of the hormonal background, for example, due to pregnancy, pathologies of the endocrine system or the administration of oral contraceptives, creates favorable conditions for the development of candidiasis.
Poor hygiene, wearing synthetic underwear, improper use of tampons or pads - all this adjusts the situation in the vagina to the benefit of fungi.
- metabolic pathology;
Thrush often occurs in people with diabetes. In their blood, the concentration of glucose is constantly increased, respectively, the amount of carbohydrates in the vaginal mucus increases. A sweet environment is formed in which fungi grow much faster.
Is thrush transmitted from woman to man?
If a girl suffers from thrush, then during intercourse she can pass the disease to her partner.
Candida spores will move from the vagina to the delicate skin of the head of the penis, and after a short period of time, the man will show the first symptoms of the disease.
Infection can also occur when the girl still has no signs of thrush, but the population of fungi is already pathologically increased.
After oral sex with a sick partner, thrush in the mouth may occur. This is an unpleasant form of pathology, which is manifested by a white coating on the tongue and inner surface of the cheeks, pain during eating, a sharp, often acidic, smell and swelling of the mucous membrane.
The first signs of thrush in women, which can be caught before the height of the disease, usually begin to appear 5-7 days before the expected date of menstruation. There is a feeling of discomfort, itching, burning at the entrance to the vagina and in the urethra.
Girls have unpleasant sensations during and after sex, since the mucous membrane becomes sensitive, upon examination, you can see its redness.
The primary symptoms are mild, so most patients do not pay attention to it, and consult a specialist only after the appearance of obvious symptoms of thrush.
Symptoms of thrush in women
The disease has a specific clinical picture, so it is difficult to confuse it with any other infection of the female reproductive system.
Signs that indicate the development of vaginal candidiasis:
- discharge - have a curdled character (white mucus with lumps), have a mild, sour smell, leave white-yellow spots on underwear;
- discomfort during the act of urination - itching, burning in the urinary canal, which spread to the genitals and, sometimes, to the lower abdomen;
- the impossibility of sexual activity - during penetration, the penis comes into contact with the walls of the vagina, causing irritation and provoking the appearance of painful sensations in the girl;
- a feeling of itching and pain in the vagina and in the area of entry into it.
Symptoms develop gradually, but quickly reach their peak. Timeless untreated acute thrush develops into a chronic form and leads to the development of complications. Therefore, it is important to quickly contact a gynecologist and begin treatment.
What is the danger of thrush in women?
If you catch the disease in the acute period and do not let it go into a chronic course, then there will be no unpleasant consequences.
But a long-term disease with periodic attenuation and relapse leads to complications:
- the formation of adhesions between organs that are in the pelvis;
- impaired patency of the fallopian tubes that connect the uterus and ovaries;
- the occurrence of infertility;
- a decrease in the body's ability to resist disease;
- spread of infection to neighboring structures;
- the development of sepsis.
In addition, if thrush occurs during pregnancy, the infection can penetrate the baby, in utero infecting it.
To diagnose candidiasis, the doctor usually needs the patient's complaints and examination data (external and in the mirrors). But since in most cases the disease occurs in conjunction with other infections of the genital tract, a bacteriological study is carried out - sowing secretions.
If candidiasis appears in the oral cavity, then plaque scraping is necessary. Excretion of a fungal culture helps to differentiate thrush from other pathologies, for example, leukoplakia or lichen.
Treatment of thrush in women
Treatment of thrush is carried out with the help of drug therapy, a special diet and local medical procedures. Also, along with the appointments of the attending physician, you can use alternative recipes, but only after approval by the gynecologist.
It is important not to have sex during the entire treatment, since during the sexual intercourse the partner becomes infected and there is an even greater imbalance in the vaginal flora.
At the beginning of the disease, doctors prescribe drugs with a narrow focus only with local effects on the body, that is, suppositories or creams with an antifungal effect. The appointment of funds with a wide spectrum of action is impractical, since they destroy the entire microflora of the vagina, which can only aggravate the situation.
The most commonly used antifungal drugs are:
- Clotrimazole is available in the form of a solution, cream or suppository. They lubricate the labia and the entrance to the vagina, bury it in the urethra and rinse the mucous membrane. Procedures are carried out 1-2 times a day;
- Pimafucin - tablets, suppositories and cream. The difference between this medication is that it can be used not only for the local effect, but also for general treatment;
- Livarol - is produced only in the form of suppositories, which are inserted deep into the vagina at night. The course of treatment takes from 5 to 10 days, depending on the susceptibility of the body and the severity of the disease.
Recovery accelerates the increased intake of minerals and vitamin elements in the body, which improve immunity and stabilize the microflora.
It is recommended to drink vitamin and mineral complexes at the same time as antifungal agents.
Folk remedies against thrush
For the treatment of thrush at home, both external and internal use of oils, solutions and decoctions from various collections are widely used.
In 50 ml of olive oil add 3 drops of oregano ether and mix thoroughly. In the resulting mixture, moisten a swab or rolled gauze and insert into the vagina.
The procedure must be performed at night, and in the morning take out a tampon. The course of treatment should not exceed two weeks. It is important to cook a fresh mixture every day, and not to use yesterday's composition.
Also, the means can lubricate the external genitalia.
Chamomile, calendula and sage. Mix the ingredients in equal proportions, pour 500 ml of boiling water over 30 g of the collection and let cool to room temperature. Then strain thoroughly. Received infusion to conduct douching.
Make a sedentary bath out of a liter of water, with the addition of one tablespoon of salt and a few drops of iodine.
None of the methods should cause discomfort or burning, if this happens, then the concentration of solutions is too high. In addition, allergic reactions may occur. In this case, the procedure should be stopped and no longer repeated.
Diet for thrush
Diet plays a big role in the treatment of thrush.
It is necessary to exclude, or minimize products that contain a lot of glucose, since its use creates an ideal sweet environment for the development of fungi:
- bakery products;
- part of the fruit (grapes, pears, sweet apples);
You should also avoid dishes that are prepared using yeast.
Preventive measures include:
- compliance with the rules of intimate hygiene;
- the correct use of tampons and pads;
- controlled intake of hormonal and antibacterial agents;
- maintaining local and general immunity at the proper level.
In addition, it is advisable to visit a gynecologist once every 6 months for a routine examination.
Thrush in women: causes, symptoms, treatment, drugs
Thrush or candidiasis is an infection caused by microscopic fungi of Candida albicans. At the moment, this is the most popular infectious disease in the world, the implicit form of which affects millions of people. The presence of Candida fungus in the body is a natural phenomenon, and the disease is only their overly active reproduction against the background of a general decrease in immunity.
With venereal diseases, candidiasis is related by a similar symptomatology and the general course of the disease, but most often sexual intercourse is not related to infection with thrush. At the same time, not only women suffer from thrush, and treatment is mandatory for both partners, despite the fact that the male form of the disease often does not have symptoms.
The lesion zones of the vaginal fungus are the vagina and labia in women and the head of the penis, as well as the foreskin in men.
Symptoms of thrush in women
The main symptoms of thrush are:
- discomfort in the genital area;
- burning and itching;
- unpleasant sensations and pain during urination;
- discomfort and pain during intercourse.
Also, thrush can be accompanied by fever for unexplained reasons and a general malaise that is characteristic of almost all infectious diseases.
The difficulty in diagnosing thrush in the first stages of the disease is the absence of pronounced symptoms, which appear much later than infection.
The first signs of Candida albicans fungus infection are precisely burning and itching, provoking combing and the complications already associated with it: swelling and swelling.
Such manifestations of the disease intensify, as a rule, when warming, for example, after a bath or when falling asleep, when a slight tingling can become unbearable and does not allow an obsessive burning sensation to sleep. Especially bright thrush makes itself felt in premenstrual days, intensifying in all manifestations.
The main symptom for which the thrush got its name is whitish vaginal discharge.
A small amount of colorless discharge is considered normal during intermenstrual periods, but the conversion of this transparent mucus into a curd-like mass is a sure sign of candidiasis.
This symptom may also not be noticed immediately, since women who pay attention to uncomfortable sensations often strengthen hygiene measures and begin to wash themselves much more often.
Only a specialist can diagnose accurately on the basis of laboratory tests and the indications of light microscopy.
Self-diagnosis is not recommended, since many symptoms of thrush are similar to signs of other diseases, including sexually transmitted diseases.
Therefore, despite the abundance of over-the-counter drugs, their purchase only makes sense after a confirmed diagnosis.
According to the localization of the foci, 3 types of candidiasis are distinguished:
Causes of thrush
The ratio of thrush to infectious diseases can serve as the basis for the opinion that it is transmitted from another person. In fact, Candida fungi are enough in the body itself, they are a natural part of the bacterial environment of the intestine, oral cavity and other mucous membranes. It is important to understand that candidiasis is not the presence of these spores in the body, but their redundancy.
In a healthy body, the medium itself prevents the excessive reproduction of harmful bacteria, maintaining their normal concentration. Immunity disorders are the main factor provoking an increase in the number of Candida albicans bacteria on the mucous membranes and their concentration in the genital area.
Provoking factors include:
- changes in the condition of the vaginal mucosa on the eve of menstruation;
- increased humidity, including from sweat or poorly dried clothes, which is the optimal environment for the development of many types of bacteria;
- a change in the acidity level of the mucous membranes as a result of the use of intimate hygiene products;
- allergic reactions to used products for the bathroom and hygiene procedures;
- allergic reactions to synthetic underwear and tampons;
- violation of the skin of the vagina during intercourse without sufficient natural moisture or lubrication;
- endocrine system disorders (including diabetes mellitus);
- general weakening of immunity, as well as age-related changes in the body;
- recovery period after complex diseases or surgery;
- reactions to hormonal contraceptives, antibiotics, etc. drug treatment.
Most of the factors that provoke the development of Candida are related to weakened immunity and the allergic reactions associated with these indicators to certain substances. For a long time it was read that the use of poor-quality bedding and underwear also provokes thrush.
Doctors assure that linen does not have a direct relationship to the occurrence of thrush, but it can still indirectly provoke it. This is most often associated with a violation of normal ventilation, and sweating, as its consequence.
In a humid environment, the development of bacteria is more active, thus, for women wearing narrow synthetic underwear in hot weather, the risk of illness is really higher, as well as for those who allow violations in the normal schedule of hygiene procedures.
In the chronic form of vaginal candidiasis, it is also customary to distinguish two types of the course of the disease:
- recurrent: characterized by periodic outbreaks and latent forms in which the symptoms of the disease do not appear in any way;
- persistent: retaining symptoms constantly, but in a smoothed form.
The chronic form of the disease affects more than 3% of women who have had an acute form of thrush. A sharp increase in the cases of such a diagnosis has occurred in the last 5 years due to the fault of television advertising, which promises a cure without going to a doctor. Unsuccessful attempts at self-medication and belated medical care are the reasons for changing the type of disease.
The use of antifungal drugs and an unreasonable increase in their dosage cause the opposite effect - exacerbation of symptoms and the transition of the lesion from external to internal organs. In chronic candidiasis, disease outbreaks occur regularly, followed by periods of attenuation.
This complication largely depends on the general state of immunity, and the first task of the attending physician is to identify his primary source. At the same time, the standard form of treatment and drugs purchased without a doctor's prescription will no longer have an effect.
Like all fungal organisms, Candida quickly adapts to environmental changes and can no longer be cured according to the usual program, requiring a more detailed and competent approach. Consulting a doctor of both sexual partners is absolutely necessary.
Treatment of thrush in women
Due to the high adaptability of fungi to external environments, the first stage of treatment for thrush is diagnosis. This procedure is carried out both at the first treatment of the patient, and at each relapse phase, since fungal mutations could occur even during this period. Based on the data obtained, a comprehensive course of treatment is selected.
Local lesions of the vagina and labia are treated with douching, suppositories, or topical vaginal tablets.
With an unreleased stage of the disease, such measures in combination with preventive actions are enough.
A feature of this group of drugs is the surface effect directly on the site of application, therefore, with complex forms of the disease and multiple lesions, they are not effective.
Treatment of thrush, as a rule, requires an integrated approach and the use of drugs of several groups: systemic and local antimycotics.
Self-medication for this form of thrush, which is considered the easiest and completely curable, is unacceptable, since the removal of symptoms, and not their cure, will only lead to the transformation of the disease into a chronic or latent form.
The wrong dosage of drugs has more serious consequences - a fungal mutation, in which a significant part of the drugs will not affect its development in the future. Only the result of control analyzes can testify to a complete solution to the problem.
Treatment of chronic thrush
Chronic candidiasis is treated comprehensively, by solving the problem of not only the development of the fungus, but also the failures that provoke it in the body's immune system. Therefore, a set of therapeutic measures necessarily includes:
- antimycotic (antifungal) drugs and procedures;
- general strengthening agents;
- means for restoring the bacterial environment and microflora of the body.
Preliminary diagnosis for chronic thrush necessarily includes the search for foci of destruction of the immune system, that is, the identification of all diseases occurring in parallel. They can be both factors aggravating thrush and its consequences.
Unlike the acute form of candidiasis, when solving the problem requires only a few days of applying topical agents, treatment of the chronic form takes several months. Its integral part is the course of antifungal drugs in combination with vaginal agents.
Guaranteeing the success of treatment can only be exact compliance with the requirements, since at this stage Candida is already resistant to the traditional dosage of the drug and its effectiveness is markedly reduced.
Treatment of thrush in pregnant women
The manifestation of thrush in women carrying a fetus is ten times higher than in a normal situation.
This is due to jumps in the hormonal background, changes in the chemical composition of the mucous membrane of the internal organs and general changes in immunity.
Every 4th woman in childbirth is diagnosed with candidiasis, and a few weeks before delivery, the number of cases of candida vaginitis doubles due to changes in the environment of the vaginal mucosa that are favorable for the development of the fungus.
The danger of thrush for a pregnant woman and her fetus is difficult to overestimate, its consequences may include:
- miscarriage or premature birth;
- embryo infection;
- violation of the immunity of the newborn.
Preliminary examination and treatment of thrush before planning a pregnancy will reduce the risk of such consequences. Since the use of many medications is contraindicated for pregnant women, the main focus of treatment is on topical preparations, part of the treatment, after consultation with a doctor, can be performed using folk remedies.
Treatment of thrush with folk remedies
Folk remedies are recommended in the treatment of thrush only in 2 cases:
- contraindications to medical treatment, for example, in case of allergic reactions to the main part of the drugs;
- as a secondary tool to help restore normal functioning of the body after doctor's prescriptions or in parallel with them.
Most of the folk recipes are aimed at restoring the alkaline balance of the internal microflora, therefore, they consist in washing and douching. The simplest recipes known for several centuries are infusions of chamomile, celandine, St. John's wort, birch buds and juniper, used to rinse or bath the external genitalia.
For rinsing and washing, you can use the following tools:
- infusion of burdock root (st.spoon in a glass of boiling water);
- elecampane root (st. spoon in a glass of boiling water);
- St. John's wort (2 teaspoons per glass), infused in a steam bath;
- cinquefoil (4 tbsp.spoons per liter of water) infused in a steam bath;
- calendula (st. spoon in a glass of boiling water).
The same herbs and similar properties are also used to rinse the mouth and to wipe the affected areas of the skin, but in this case, tinctures are made in alcohol and bred immediately before use.
The effectiveness of such procedures is determined by the properties of the applied medicinal herbs, their antibacterial effect and the ability to reduce itching.
Infusions of oak bark and tampons soaked in this solution are considered the most effective folk remedy, since tannins not only slow down the development of bacterial colonies, but also relieve irritation.
Also, traditional medicine recipes for the treatment of thrush often include soda, as the most affordable household alkaline product.
Diet for thrush
An additional factor stimulating both the treatment of the yeast infection itself and the elimination of the consequences of its treatment will be the restoration of normal microflora. To do this, add natural yogurts containing beneficial bacteria to the diet. But too sweet samples, like all sweet in general, should be limited, since sugar contributes to the development of fungi and can cause a relapse of thrush.
The optimal set of dishes will be:
- vegetable stew;
- lean fish and meat;
- legumes and non-sweet cereals;
- spices and spices, besides having proved their incompatibility with fungal diseases;
- wholemeal bread.
All products whose environment promotes the development of fungi are contraindicated:
- fatty food;
- smoked meats;
The danger of thrush and its consequences
Delayed treatment of thrush can cause a number of negative consequences.
- An increase in the lesion focus and penetration of the fungus into other organs, so from the external form when the candida is damaged by the oral cavity, the fungus can penetrate the internal organs of the respiratory and digestive systems, which will complicate the treatment and increase the risk of the disease becoming chronic.
- Violation of childbearing function in women with the most difficult consequences.
- Hereditary intrauterine infection of a newborn from a disease-transmitting mother.
- Candidiasis sepsis, as a more complex and dangerous form of the course of the disease.
Despite the fact that thrush is not considered a serious illness and many begin to treat it only with serious manifestations that interfere with normal life, the consequences of thrush are rather unpleasant, affecting the rhythm of intimate life and the breakdown of the nervous system.
Accompanying thrush disorders will be not only irritability and insomnia, but also migraines from constant lack of sleep and discomfort.
The transition of candidiasis into a chronic form is the prospect of eliminating the symptoms of thrush on a regular basis, while the most insignificant factors from the abuse of sweets to the change of hygiene products can provoke its recurrence.
And in combination with general malaise and weakness during menstruation - thrush is really a disease that can disrupt a full life.
Prevention of thrush in women
Since according to statistics, every fourth woman can be diagnosed with thrush in one form or another, the preventive measures for this disease must be observed even if its symptoms are not noticeable.
Moreover, a significant part of preventive procedures refers to the general requirements for good hygiene and restorative measures.
These recommendations are especially relevant for people with weakened immunity: the older age group, diabetics, pregnant women and people who have undergone treatment with antibiotics that disrupt the normal microflora of the body.
Preventive measures include:
- compliance with the rules of a healthy lifestyle and diet, as fundamental principles of strengthening immunity;
- refusal of bad habits (smoking and alcohol abuse) - the main causes of the destruction of the protective functions of the body;
- hygiene measures especially in public places to eliminate the risk of infection from an outsider;
- observance of precautionary measures during carrying out intimate hygiene procedures, for example, thorough hand washing before caring for the genitals and regular replacement of sponges and washcloths for intimate care (including the categorical refusal to use one hygiene tool for several family members);
- careful selection of products for baths, deodorants and cosmetics and their individual use;
- the use of underwear made from natural fabrics with a normal level of ventilation;
- maintaining vaginal acidity at a normal level and preliminary consultations with a doctor before using drugs or dietary supplements that can change these indicators;
- going to the doctor when the first symptoms of thrush appear without trying to conduct treatment on your own or with folk remedies.
Your health is in your hands! Follow preventive measures, eat right, lead a healthy lifestyle, and your body will answer you with a long trouble-free operation.
Thrush causes women
Thrush causes women to cause anxiety, excitement, because often it is perceived as an infection transmitted through sexual intercourse, which is not entirely true. Thrush can occur at any age, often not associated with pregnancy (as is commonly believed), the sexual life of women and girls.
What are the causes of women or girls
Unpleasant symptoms are caused by the development of Candida fungi in the vagina, the presence of which can be detected by passing a histological analysis - a smear taken from the cavity of the genital organs.
The concentration of sex hormones is disturbed, failure is possible with:
- of pregnancy
- taking contraceptives containing synthesized hormones
- malfunctions of the endocrine system.
Reproduction of the fungus is possible with the use of certain drugs (corticosteroids, cytostatics), leading to a violation of the vaginal flora, bacteria quickly develop, increase in number.
The internal mechanisms of our body are able to fight candidiasis and prevent it from developing, however, some factors interfere with this, the body ceases to cope with viruses with:
- previously injured internal organs
- some medical manipulations, in particular low-quality abortions
- diseases transmitted after unprotected sex.
Why is there a thrush in a girl
Girls have much more reasons for the appearance and development of candidiasis because, basically, it is the young generation who likes to relax at sea, resorts, visit tanning salons and saunas. But all this precedes the development of microorganisms, since their development is more intense in a humid climate, high air temperature.
This is also facilitated by the synthetics of swimwear and underwear, which attracted young fashionistas while walking along the beaches. Synthetic material has a detrimental effect on the flora of the genitals, also in winter wearing synthetics often leads to hypothermia, a decline in immunity. By the way, before you become pregnant with a girl, you need to get rid of the problem.
The causes of thrush do not depend on sexual intercourse, even the most unprotected. It does not affect, this assumption is an invention of women and girls.
The only reason for the development of candidiasis after sex in both women and men may be the presence of pathogenic microflora in a partner who has become a carrier of an existing pathology in a girl, or after her treatment for a day ailment.
In this case, both partners need treatment, and Candida's fungus can be in the mouth, and oral sex can become a provocateur of candidiasis.
Symptoms of the appearance of the disease in men are almost identical: itching, irritation, discharge. External signs of the disease may not appear, but if a partner has thrush, she needs to undergo examination all the same - both partners need it.
So, there are 7 main reasons for the development of thrush:
- Decreased immunity, the protective function of the body. The fungus begins to multiply actively, the mucous membrane of organs becomes inflamed.
- Long-term use of antibiotics that kill both harmful and beneficial flora of the body. Antibiotics lead to the destruction of lactobacilli, which are just a checkpoint during the growth of the fungus, prevent its reproduction.
- The presence of concomitant diseases:
- HIV AIDS
- intestinal dysbiosis
- diabetes mellitus
- tuberculosis leads to the appearance and development of thrush.
- Unbalanced diet, excessive consumption of sweets, fast foods, products with yeast additives. Strict diets lead to a lack of vitamins in the body, protein, which many women today are prone to.
- Non-observance of personal, intimate hygiene. Women and girls abuse hygiene products, sprays, soap, creams, gels, washing by scrubbing, washing the mucous membrane, making the environment for the reproduction of fungi more optimal. It is not recommended to use colored toilet paper with fragrances, but it is necessary to change the pads on critical days more often, at least 3 times a day.
- Wearing underwear made of synthetics, narrow underwear, leading to a change in acidity inside the vagina, the environment for the reproduction of bacteria improves. It is better to wear cotton underwear, comfortable and fairly loose.
- The use of contraceptives, contraceptives leads to the formation of an alkaline environment, the destruction of beneficial lactobacilli in the vagina. A fungal infection can develop with prolonged use of intrauterine devices, it is not recommended to wear them for more than 5 years. It is necessary to change in a timely manner, as well as be observed by a gynecologist at least twice a year.
What are the consequences
Fortunately, Candida fungus is rarely sexually transmitted, with stable partner immunity, the risk of contracting is minimal, so the phenomenon of candidiasis immediately in both partners is quite rare. But in the absence of treatment for thrush in a woman and a girl at an early stage, the disease is fraught with a transition to a chronic, neglected form.
Immunity is upset, takes a local character. In women, exacerbations are often common, an allergy rash on the body. Candidiasis leads to anxiety, discomfort, lack of full sex. With severe lesions of diabetes mellitus, HIV - infection.
Often the fungus is inherited, a newborn baby becomes a carrier of the virus immediately after birth. The list of factors contributing to the development of thrush can be significantly reduced if you follow all the above points, as well as be treated in a timely manner if the fungus still finds itself a haven and intends to develop rapidly inside the vagina.
What is the treatment
For effective treatment, you first need to establish the root cause of the appearance and development of the fungus. If an acute infection affects the vagina for the first time, it is easier to treat it, with good immunity, the disease is quickly eliminated without consequences. Treatment of recurrent thrush in a chronic form is more difficult, especially with the additional presence of allergies, diabetes mellitus, intestinal dysbiosis in the patient. Chronic candidiasis, alas, cannot be completely cured, doctors can only achieve a stable remission of it.
Thrush therapy begins with proper nutrition, it is important to review your diet, observe the norms and rules of personal hygiene, adhere to sexual rest, refusal to take antibiotics. Thrush is treated with antifungal drugs. The doctor is responsible for the selection of drugs; the appointment will depend on the form and stage of the disease.
Effective in the treatment of ointments, creams, suppositories. They do not have side effects, they are well eliminated enough, they drown out the infectious focus in the vagina. Along with ointments, tablets are prescribed depending on the symptoms. For pain, burning, itching - antiallergens, sedatives. Local treatment of thrush during pregnancy is possible only in the first trimester.
Self-medication of the disease is unacceptable, you can aggravate the process, lead to additional side problems.
If the symptoms are not significant, or are completely absent, this does not mean that you are healthy, there may not be any symptoms of thrush, pathology can only be detected by examining the vaginal cavity by laboratory tests, taking a smear.
If the infection is not eliminated on time at an early stage, it becomes chronic, and the treatment becomes protracted and prolonged. When choosing medications, it is better to consult a doctor, not all antifungal drugs are right for you.
The most commonly prescribed are: Nystatin, Flucostat, Clotrimazole, Candide, Diflucan, also combined rapid-acting drugs: Polygynax, Terzhinak, but the choice of drugs depends on the doctor.
Use the drugs only for their intended purpose, unauthorized intake in the wrong doses will not lead to cure, only exacerbate the situation, add new problems.