Varicose eczema on the legs

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Varicose eczema is a disease that manifests itself in people suffering from varicose veins of the lower extremities. It is mainly diagnosed in older people, more often in women than in men.
The most common is varicose eczema of the lower extremities (especially often the signs of the disease appear in the calf area), since the legs are more exposed to stagnant processes. In other parts of the body, the disease is extremely rare.
Causes of varicose eczema
Usually, eczema manifests itself in people with diagnosed varicose veins of the lower extremities. With this disease, the proper functioning of the venous valves, due to which blood stagnates in the vessels of the lower extremities. Due to the poor outflow of venous blood, fluid collects in the surrounding tissues, and erythrocytes and leukocytes penetrate into the subcutaneous tissue. In this case, the skin becomes inflamed and swells, acquires a darker color.
In addition to diseases of the vessels of the lower extremities, people with varicose eczema on the legs may have other health problems:
• cardiovascular insufficiency;
• thrombosis affecting deep veins;
• injury to the legs (especially dangerous long-term fractures, thermal and chemical burns);
• excess weight, which increases the load on the legs;
Symptoms of varicose eczema
In the corresponding section, you can see photos that show how the initial stage of varicose eczema on the legs develops: the skin swells and becomes inflamed, covered with bright red or bluish spots, bubbles that crack over time, forming open wounds and cracks. The patient suffers from severe itching and burning, especially in the evening and at night. Combing wounds, he can bring an infection, which worsens the course of the disease.
After the rash resolves, the skin often acquires a darker shade.
In the absence of proper treatment, varicose eczema passes into the chronic stage shown in the photo. For her, in addition to the symptoms already described, a pronounced thickening of the skin is characteristic – the so-called. sclerosis. In some cases, varicose eczema develops around trophic ulcers, which are a complication of varicose veins.
Despite the pronounced symptoms, only a specialist can make a correct diagnosis after an external examination, studying the history of the disease and obtaining the results of the examination.
In most cases of varicose eczema, an examination of the vessels in the affected area is required. For this purpose, ultrasound is most often prescribed.
How to treat varicose eczema?
With varicose eczema, it is necessary to combine symptomatic therapy with measures aimed at eliminating the underlying disease.
A set of measures aimed at reducing the manifestations of varicose veins is being developed by a vascular surgeon – phlebologist. It includes drug treatment (drugs are prescribed that strengthen the vascular walls and normalize venous outflow), as well as wearing compression stockings, exercise therapy, massage, physiotherapy. If there are indications, the issue of surgical removal of varicose veins is considered.
In the treatment of varicose eczema on the legs, local remedies are also used that relieve itching and relieve unpleasant symptoms. Quickly improve the general condition of the patient and contribute to the stabilization of external hormonal agents. Their use is usually limited to a period of 2-3 weeks to avoid unwanted side effects.
The means that can reduce wetting, restore broken skin and cope with bacterial complications include Losterin zinc-naftalan paste. Thanks to the naftalan and zinc included in the composition, inflammation is reduced, itching is eliminated, and the skin structure is restored. After weeping has stopped, Losterin cream is applied to prevent an exacerbation of the disease.
The Losterin line does not contain hormones, is not addictive, is well tolerated, so it can be used to care for sensitive skin for a long time.
Prevention of varicose eczema
Prevention of this disease consists in the treatment of varicose veins, as well as proper skin care. For personal hygiene, it is better to use cleansing agents that have a mild effect, with a bactericidal effect, which do not contain alkalis, for example, Losterin shower gel or cream-soap.

Exfoliative dermatitis

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Exfoliative dermatitis (Ritter’s disease) is a dangerous disease of a bacterial nature, which, as a rule, requires treatment in a hospital.

Causes of exfoliative dermatitis

The occurrence of exfoliative dermatitis is due to the action of exotoxins from Staphylococcus aureus ( Staphylococcus aureus ), causing severe inflammation of the skin, its delamination and detachment. In adults, the disease can develop in the presence of severe somatic diseases (renal failure), the presence of immunodeficiency.

In children, Ritter’s dermatitis occurs mainly in the first year of life due to the immaturity of the immune system (antistaphylococcal antibodies are not produced) and the slower breakdown and elimination of pathogenic exotoxins from the body.

Symptoms of exfoliative dermatitis

Exfoliative dermatitis has several stages of the development of the disease, and their characteristic signs, but in addition to the stages, a general clinical picture can be distinguished:

  • The skin on different parts of the body can become sensitive, painful;
  • Diffuse redness of the skin is noted, the most pronounced changes in the face and neck, large folds (inguinal, axillary)
  • The skin exfoliates in large layers and leaves behind extensive erosion
  • The general well-being of the child suffers (fever, drowsiness, tearfulness, loss of appetite and weight, etc.)

Symptoms of exfoliative dermatitis in stages:

  • 1. Erythematous (initial) stage – the skin turns red, swelling is noted
  • 2. Exfoliative – a dangerous period of the disease, occurs a few days after the onset of the disease. The skin in places of redness begins to exfoliate (Nikolsky’s symptom), leaving behind erosion; lesions merge with each other, affecting large segments of the skin.
  • 3. Regenerative (final) stage – the symptoms of the disease are on the decline, large-lamellar peeling is noted

Complications of exfoliative dermatitis include the development of bacterial otitis, pneumonia, phlegmon, pyelonephritis. In severe cases, death is possible.

You can see the signs of exfoliative dermatitis in adults and children in the photo section.

If the course of the disease is mild (small area of the lesion, absence of papules), recovery occurs in two weeks.

Treatment of exfoliative dermatitis

If symptoms characteristic of Ritter’s dermatitis appear, you should immediately contact a specialist (dermatologist or infectious disease specialist) to confirm or exclude the diagnosis. A doctor can easily diagnose this disease, but research is necessary to exclude diseases that have similar symptoms – Lyell’s syndrome , Kawasaki disease, toxic shock.

To confirm the diagnosis, you can conduct a bacteriological study – perform a smear or culture from the areas of the primary focus of infection (umbilical wound, nasal cavity or oropharynx, etc.)

Treatment of exfoliative dermatitis is carried out in a round-the-clock hospital. Antibacterial drugs are used, taking into account the sensitivity of the flora, and corrective therapy is also carried out to maintain the work of other organs. For topical use, antibiotic ointments and solutions with antiseptics are used.

Treatment of exfoliative dermatitis with folk remedies

Despite the rich experience of traditional medicine, and a huge baggage of recipes based on the use of natural ingredients, the treatment of exfoliative dermatitis with folk remedies is unacceptable.

Using folk remedies, you can lose time, the disease will progress, which can cause irreversible processes in the body. In addition, using dubious and often ineffective means, you can aggravate the situation and harm.

Diaper dermatitis – treatment, causes and symptoms

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

In pediatric practice, diaper dermatitis is referred to as a contact type of dermatosis, in most cases it occurs in infants due to wearing diapers or diapers. Another name for pathology is diaper rash.
Diaper dermatitis

The frequency of occurrence of diaper dermatitis in infants (children under 12 months) is associated with the physiological structure of the skin. The immaturity of the epidermis, underdeveloped connective tissue structures of the dermis, unformed thermoregulation and immune response lead to skin damage and a decrease in the protective function. From the photo you can see that the localization of the process is limited to the perineum, inner thighs, anus and buttocks, namely in places of greatest contact with exogenous stimulus.

Factors leading to diaper dermatitis:

  1. Mechanical. Regular friction against a fabric or a diaper leads to local irritation, hyperemia and microcracks. It is noted in children from 3 to 12 months, which is associated with neuropsychic and physiological development, the activity of movements normally increases. Diaper dermatitis in newborns and babies up to 3 months is due to insufficient hygiene procedures and care. Small size diaper with compression band between the legs.
  2. Chemical. Contact of the skin with urine (ammonia) and feces (faeces enzymes, opportunistic flora, fatty acids) with an untimely diaper change. A reaction to fragrances, fragrances, alkaline ingredients in soap, laundry detergent, moisturizing oil, cream, or even a diaper.
  3. Physical. An immature thermoregulatory function with constant wearing of a diaper leads to excessive sweating, a local increase in temperature and humidity (“greenhouse effect”), as a result of which the permeability of the epidermis to chemical compounds and pathogens increases.
  4. Conditionally pathogenic and pathogenic microflora. Fecal masses act as an irritating factor due to nutritional characteristics, enzymatic activity and bacterial flora of the intestine. Perianal dermatitis develops , especially when using wet wipes rather than rinsing under running warm running water.

A fungal infection may accompany diaper dermatitis in children. The appointment of taking antibacterial drugs leads to a violation of the microflora, an increase in the activity and reproduction of a yeast-like fungus of the genus Candida . The study of the photo helps to see the white layers, which are easily separated from the surface, while the skin is intensely pink or red with ulcerations.

Symptoms of diaper dermatitis

The main symptom complex is hyperemia of the skin, the appearance of dryness, peeling and crusts, after a while weeping joins and vesicles filled with serous fluid form. In advanced cases, the contents of the vesicles become purulent – pustules, tissue edema appears. Microcracks are formed, which quickly turn into ulcers and ulcers.

The general well-being of the child changes, painful sensations appear, often naughty, appetite decreases, sleep is disturbed. Body temperature remains within the age norm, however, when the microbial flora is added, hyperthermia may occur.

According to the severity and features of the course, it is classified:

  • mild: moderate hyperemia, pink or pale pink skin, crusts are possible, eliminated by drying and treatment with special solutions;
  • medium: there is swelling of tissues with infiltration, skin color from bright pink to burgundy, pustules are characteristic;
  • severe: the skin is tense, shiny, red or burgundy in color, pronounced weeping , crusts, ulcerations prone to fusion, deep painful cracks.

The absence of pathogenetic therapy leads to abscessing of the process, severe intoxication, and sepsis is possible. The condition is life-threatening for the baby.

Treatment of diaper dermatitis

The paramount principle in the treatment of diaper dermatitis in infants is proper care and hygiene. With mild to moderate severity, parents can independently prevent dermatosis.

It is recommended to wear disposable diapers, which are changed after each act of defecation and urination; in infants aged 1 to 4 months, the replacement frequency is 8 or more times. After that, the anogenital area is washed under a stream of warm running water with or without hypoallergenic liquid soap. The remaining moisture is blotted with an ironed diaper or towel .

To eliminate inflammation with soft cotton napkins, gently wipe the affected areas of the perineum with a decoction of medicinal herbs. It is impossible to get rid of plaque and crusts by friction. Bathing in a decoction of chamomile, string and calendula is allowed. Mandatory air baths from 10-30 minutes a day.

Treatment of the skin before putting on a diaper. When wet – dry, with crusts and dryness – moisturize. Medications:

  1. Washing with antiseptic solutions: Furacillin solution ; decoctions of medicinal plants: chamomile, string, oak bark , calendula, oats.
  2. Combined powders containing trace elements, minerals, talc and zinc oxide.
  3. Wound healing agents: Dexpanthenol ointment , Bepanten cream , D- panthenol ointment ; cream and paste Zinc Oxide , Desitin cream, Sudocrem ; cream Drapolene .

In some cases, the doctor may prescribe more active anti-inflammatory drugs for a short period – hormonal creams, antibacterial or antifungal drugs.

Sometimes antihistamines are prescribed for children with a burdened allergic history (atopic dermatitis, urticaria, etc.) in order to relieve severe swelling and inflammation. Treatment with the selection of a personal dosage is performed by the attending specialist.

Treatment in newborns of severe diaper dermatitis is carried out in a hospital.

Alternative treatment of diaper dermatitis

Alternative remedies for diaper dermatitis in children are carried out taking into account the accompanying symptoms and the clinical picture, so it is advisable to eliminate the treatment of weeping ulcers with a decoction of chamomile, string, oak bark , St.

Herbal decoction recipes:

  1. Take in the same proportion dry collection of chamomile, string and calendula (10 grams each), add 250 ml of boiling water, let it brew for 30-35 minutes, pass the mass through a sieve. Decoction wipe the damaged skin and add to the water when bathing.
  2. 2 tbsp. l. oak bark is brewed with 180 ml of boiling water, insisted for 25-35 minutes, filtered. The resulting solution is applied with a cotton pad on the skin or added to the bath while bathing.

Self-treatment of diaper dermatitis may become ineffective if the medicinal plant is not selected correctly or the required concentration and ratio of ingredients are not observed.

Losterin for diaper dermatitis

In the complex therapy of diaper dermatitis in children, zinc-naftalan paste “Losterin “. The paste is well suited for wounds and ulcers with signs of weeping , contains 2 main components:

  • naftalan deresined : resinous compounds perform an antiphlogistic, soothing, antipruritic and drying effect; have an immunocorrective effect, as a result of which they also have an anti-inflammatory and desensitizing effect;
  • zinc oxide: has adsorbing, astringent, soothing and drying properties; relieves signs of inflammation and inhibits the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms; improves normal cell proliferation and promotes the healing of microcracks.

Zinc-naftalan paste Losterin can be prescribed as part of the complex treatment of dermatitis, used as monotherapy during the rehabilitation period, and also used to prevent and maintain the result.

Prevention of diaper dermatitis

Preventive measures are aimed at preventing the development of diaper rash, experts recommend:

  • changing the diaper after each act of defecation and urination;
  • selection of a diaper with a gel filler, the gel absorbs excess moisture better;
  • consider the size and gender of the child when buying a diaper;
  • do not apply cream and powder at the same time, the resulting lumps gather in natural folds and irritate the epidermis;
  • do not use gauze diapers;
  • observe the sleep and wakefulness regimen with air baths;
  • carefully remove water droplets by blotting ;
  • wearing clothes made from natural fabrics;
  • dress your baby according to the season to avoid overheating and excessive sweating;
  • in the autumn-spring period, give the child vitamin D to prevent rickets.

Eczematous (Allergic Contact) Dermatitis: Causes, Treatment, Symptoms

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Eczematous (allergic contact) dermatitis is a response of the human immune system to allergens, and the causative agent can be various components (chemical and biological) that regularly affect the skin. Initially occurs on open segments of the skin, which are most often exposed to external factors.

With a long course of the disease and continued contact with the causative factor, it can spread to other areas of the skin. A feature of the disease is that the body remembers the allergen, and during subsequent contacts with it, minimal doses of the allergen will be sufficient to develop an exacerbation of the disease.

Causes of Eczematous (Allergic Contact) Dermatitis

The main reason for the development of allergic dermatitis is considered to be prolonged exposure to the skin of substances that cause allergies – they can be jewelry, household chemicals, cosmetics, and medicines for external use.

The first signs of dermatitis do not appear immediately, but after a certain period of time after constant contact with the allergen, mainly after a couple of weeks. If the irritant is in the composition of an external agent, the reaction occurs a week later, after contact with potent chemicals, a couple of days later.

In addition to sources of allergies, other causes contributing to the development of eczematous dermatitis are possible:

  • genetic factor;
  • Weakened level of immunity;
  • Diseases of the liver or gastrointestinal tract (gastrointestinal tract);
  • Disrupted metabolism;
  • Mental disorders, prolonged stress;
  • Infectious chronic diseases, sluggish or latent course (caries, chronic tonsillitis / sinusitis);
  • Working or living in adverse environmental conditions;

It is possible to develop dermatitis from contact with:

  • Jewelry made of nickel, chromium, zinc, or alloys with these metals;
  • Tools containing cobalt;
  • Dentures, braces;
  • Rubber or latex products (gloves, drainage);
  • building materials; glue; plastic.

Symptoms of Eczematous (Allergic Contact) Dermatitis

Often, the development of eczematous (allergic contact) dermatitis can be detected at the sites of skin contact with an irritant.

Depending on the duration of the disease, allergic contact dermatitis is divided into stages, which are characterized by characteristic symptoms:

  1. Acute – there is redness and swelling of the skin, in areas in contact with the irritant. Small rashes may occur, represented by papules or vesicles (vesicles). Accompanied by itching.
  2. Subacute – rashes open, crusts form in their places, the skin peels off. Accompanied by itching.
  3. Chronic – the skin within the rash thickens, peeling is more pronounced. Perhaps the presence of subjective sensations in the form of itching.

Regardless of the stage of the disease, a number of characteristic symptoms have been identified:

  • The skin in the places of development of dermatitis is inflamed – it acquires a scarlet hue, swollen or thickened;
  • In the areas of localization of lesions, unpleasant sensations are noted – itching and burning;
  • The presence of a rash – papules or vesicles (vesicles) with transparent contents;
  • Weeping eroded segments of the skin, subsequently thickening of the tissues;
  • When the disease subsides, dryness and peeling of the skin is noted;

Symptoms and manifestations of eczematous (allergic contact) dermatitis in the photo section.

Eczematous (allergic contact) dermatitis on the hands

The development of eczematous (allergic contact) dermatitis on the hands is the most common form of manifestation of the disease. In relation to other parts of the body, the hands are more vulnerable to external stimuli. The development of the disease begins with the phalanges of the fingers, painful cracks form, and weeping areas of dermatitis most often appear on the hands, which heal for a long time.

In the photo section, you can see how this dermatitis manifests itself on the hands.

Eczematous (allergic contact) dermatitis in children

The causes of allergic contact dermatitis in children do not differ from those in adults. By external manifestations, the disease may resemble atopic dermatitis (exudative diathesis, neurodermatitis).

How this dermatitis manifests itself in children, you can see in the photo section.

Treatment of eczematous dermatitis

Before starting treatment for eczematous (allergic contact) dermatitis, you need to undergo an examination to establish an accurate diagnosis, because. eczematous dermatitis has similar symptoms to eczema, atopic dermatitis and other skin pathologies.

For diagnosis use:

  1. Scraping detachable skin flakes – for microscopic examination and exclusion of a fungal infection.
  2. In rare cases, a histological examination may be performed to determine the type of dermatitis and exclude other skin diseases.
  3. General analysis of urine and blood – to identify concomitant diseases, for the same purpose, consultations of narrow specialists ( ENT , gastroenterologist) are shown.
  4. Analysis to identify the source of the allergy.

Having received the results of tests and studies, the doctor will make the correct diagnosis and prescribe a treatment regimen, taking into account the characteristics of the body.

Treatment of eczematous dermatitis involves an integrated approach:

  • Exclusion and removal of allergens from the body;
  • Identification and treatment of diseases that can provoke the development of dermatitis or an allergic reaction;
  • Antihistamines and anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed to eliminate symptoms, relieve swelling and itching, drugs for local treatment, a daily regimen is shown, with a full 8-hour sleep.

Self-medication or ignoring the disease is unacceptable, the disease can cause complications and occupy a large area of the skin. Eczematous (allergic contact) dermatitis disappears in a short time, without serious health consequences, if the doctor’s recommendations are followed and the treatment is properly selected.

Treatment of eczematous (allergic contact) dermatitis with folk remedies

To alleviate the course of the disease, folk remedies can be used, alternative medicine has many recipes based on natural ingredients.

The possibility of their use should be discussed with the attending physician, only a specialist based on analyzes can advise any folk remedies in addition to the main treatment.

Treatment only with folk methods is ineffective, and can lead to negative consequences.

Treatment of eczematous (allergic contact) dermatitis with Losterin

Losterin line of products has proven itself well in the fight against various dermatitis . The preparations are aimed at daily skin care and prevention of skin diseases. Due to the balanced composition based on natural ingredients, they have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and regenerating properties, soften the skin and prevent peeling. They have no contraindications and are not addictive.

Designed for daily skin care for chronic skin diseases – psoriasis, eczema, atopic dermatitis .

Dermatological products of the Losterin line contain a balanced combination of active ingredients, specially selected for the most effective effect on the skin in complex care for various skin diseases.

Prevention of eczematous (allergic contact) dermatitis

To prevent the development of the disease will help the observance of preventive measures:

  1. Exclusion of jewelry made of metals that can provoke allergic reactions.
  2. Use of household chemicals or strong substances only with gloves.
  3. Selection of cosmetics taking into account the peculiarities of the skin, with the most natural ingredients;
  4. Avoid contact with known allergens in case of allergic reactions.
  5. Observe the rules of personal hygiene.

To alleviate the course of the disease, you should:

  1. After taking a shower or bath, wipe the skin dry.
  2. Apply dressings to areas of skin affected by dermatitis.
  3. Do not interrupt the prescribed treatment regimen.

By following the practical advice and prescriptions of the doctor, the treatment will be faster, and the possibility of relapse will decrease.

Diet for eczematous dermatitis

Patients with eczematous dermatitis are not recommended to eat:

  • Citrus;
  • Honey;
  • Nuts;
  • Alcohol
  • Seafood;
  • Seasonings and smoked meats;
  • Spicy and fried food.
  • Greens, fruits and vegetables of white and green varieties, cereals, dietary meat, dairy products are allowed.

By adhering to the rules of a healthy diet and adjusting the diet, the treatment becomes more effective, and its course is easy.

Hygiene for dermatitis

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

When dermatitis occurs, the issue of hygiene is very important .

Following simple skin care rules can help you relieve or prevent dermatitis symptoms .

  1. Get rid of bad habits.
    For example, even if you do not smoke, but a smoker lives next to you , then you need to protect yourself from contact with smoke.
  2. Maintain humid air in the apartment.
    To do this, there is a special technique ( humidifiers) or improvised means (wet towel, water sprinkler ).
  3. Maintain cleanliness in the house.
    It is necessary to carry out wet cleaning in the house as often as possible , wipe the dust and wash the floors.
  4. Do not wear wool or fur clothing.
    Clothing material can cause dermatitis on the skin.
  5. keep plants and do not have animals in the house.
    With dermatitis , you should not start animals , be it a dog, cat, hamster or aquarium fish (with the exception of animals such as chinchillas, poodles, sphinxes, turtles and hairless guinea pigs). Plants can also be the cause of dermatitis.
  6. Choose bedding made from natural fabrics .
    Linen should be cotton or linen. Try to change your underwear as often as possible so that harmful microparticles do not accumulate .
  7. Take a bath with the addition of sea salt or herbal infusions of calendula, nettle, chamomile , etc. No more than 1-2 times a week.
  8. While taking water procedures, do not rub the skin with a washcloth. Use natural products. 
  9. After taking a shower, moisturize the skin with a nourishing cream with a natural composition.
  10. Try not to rub your skin after bathing, but lightly blot your skin with a towel.
  11. Lead a healthy lifestyle.
    Follow the regime , eat healthy food, move more, sleep 8-9 hours a day.
  12. Monitor your mental state.
    Avoid worries and stress . Get outdoors more. It is necessary to walk for 2-3 hours every day to maintain both mental and physical condition.
  13. After the appearance of positive results of treatment, do not stop taking the drugs prescribed by your doctor yourself.

Allergic dermatitis

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Allergic dermatitis is a dermatological disease that occurs when a certain substance is exposed to the body.

Pathology can manifest itself at any age

Characteristic features of allergic dermatitis:

  • clear specificity – the manifestation of an allergic reaction only to a specific substance to which the body is hypersensitive;
  • delayed reaction – inflammatory processes appear some time after contact with the allergen.

Expert opinion

– There is such a myth that people suffering from allergies are more likely to get infectious diseases, because they have weaker immunity. This is a false judgment. Resistance to many infections in a person with a tendency to allergies can be absolutely the same as in a healthy person. There is no direct link between anti- infective protection and allergies.

Firsakova Svetlana Sergeevna, dermatovenereologist,
Melanoma clinic unit Moscow

Causes of allergic dermatitis

The cause of allergic dermatitis in different people is some kind of individual allergen: it can be a food product, a component of household chemicals, jewelry, clothing fabric, and much more.

Quite often, allergic dermatitis is diagnosed in people suffering from chronic allergies, bronchial asthma, and urticaria. There is also a hereditary predisposition to the development of the disease.

Psycho-emotional stress is unable to provoke an allergic reaction, but they can significantly worsen the patient’s condition.

Depending on the allergen, there are several types of allergic dermatitis:

  • Toxicoderma – an allergen (most often a drug) enters the body through the organs of the digestive system, respiratory tract, with intravenous, subcutaneous or intramuscular injection. In severe cases, Lyell’s syndrome develops – a life-threatening condition in which extensive inflammation of the skin is observed, followed by its exfoliation. Treatment of Lyell’s syndrome is carried out in the intensive care unit. A specific type of toxicoderma is fixed erythema. This is the body’s response to taking certain medications (most often containing a sulfanilamide group – Baralgin, Biseptol). It is characterized by the appearance of rashes on the same areas of the skin.
  • Phytodermatitis – pollen and plant sap act as an allergen.
  • Contact – manifests itself in direct contact with the allergen (cosmetics, household chemicals, jewelry, synthetics).

Symptoms of allergic dermatitis

Clinical manifestations of allergic dermatitis are clearly visible in the photo (they are similar to signs of eczema) – large red spots covered with small bubbles. When the bubbles burst, weeping is formed . After the inflammatory process subsides, the skin becomes covered with crusts formed from the drying fluid and dying tissues. Another symptom is severe itching, which continues even during sleep.

In the chronic form of the disease, peeling and lichenification are observed – the skin thickens, the pattern intensifies, pigmentation is disturbed.

Treatment of allergic dermatitis

Before prescribing treatment, it is necessary to make a correct diagnosis and establish the cause of allergic dermatitis. To this end, the doctor examines the patient, studies the history of the development of the disease, sends him for a blood test, and conducts allergic tests.

In some cases, it is enough to eliminate the allergen to get rid of the problem. Otherwise, the doctor will prescribe medications.

How to treat allergic dermatitis? The basis of therapy is external anti-inflammatory and moisturizing drugs, as well as antihistamines and desensitizing agents that eliminate unpleasant symptoms. Duration of admission – from two weeks to 4 months.

Systemic therapy includes the use of antihistamines. Depending on the severity of the disease, the presence / absence of some chronic diseases, first-generation drugs (often cause drowsiness) or more modern drugs that lack a sedative effect may be prescribed. Usually, drug treatment of allergic dermatitis also includes the use of enterosorbents that remove the allergen from the digestive tract.

In addition to general treatment, local treatment is also necessary. The most commonly used hormone -containing ointments and creams. They quickly relieve inflammation and redness, relieve swelling and itching. But they can be used in short courses, usually no more than 2-3 weeks. With longer use, some undesirable side effects may develop.

In the case of a longer course of the disease, as well as to reduce the number of drugs, dermatologists supplement the treatment with non-hormonal local preparations. Losterin cream , made on the basis of deresined naftalan . It has a desensitizing, exfoliating and antimicrobial effect, relieves inflammation, eliminates pain and itching. Thanks to almond oil and D- panthenol , it promotes cell regeneration and wound healing.

In the stage of weeping , zinc-naphthalan paste Losterin will provide effective assistance . It has drying, astringent, adsorbing, disinfecting, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antipruritic properties. In addition, the paste softens the stratum corneum, which facilitates the penetration of active substances deep into the skin.

Preparations of the Losterin line (cream, paste, shower gel, shampoo, cream-soap) do not contain hormones, dyes and fragrances. Therefore, they are recommended for daily skin care, as they do not cause withdrawal symptoms and side effects. These drugs help prevent symptoms of the disease and allow you to prolong the period of remission.

The manufacturer strictly controls the quality of drugs at all stages, which ensures their high efficiency and safety.

Additionally, you can make lotions with a decoction of horsetail, string, calendula, bay leaf, chamomile flowers, marshmallow root, tea leaves. Lotions cool and soothe the skin, dry and disinfect wounds. Baths have a similar effect.

Effectively complement the medical treatment of physiotherapy (strengthen the immune system, increase the body’s resistance to allergens):

  • laser therapy – relieves swelling, stimulates wound healing, restores metabolism;
  • infrared radiation – eliminates peeling and weakens lichenization ;
  • sun and sea baths – saturate the skin with useful substances, normalize metabolism.

An important component of treatment is diet therapy. The diet is selected individually based on the results of allergy tests . In most cases , whole milk, eggs, sauces, seafood, fish, mushrooms, citrus fruits, strawberries, raspberries, honey, sweets, pastries, chocolate, canned food, seasonings are excluded from the diet of patients .

The basis of the menu should be rice, buckwheat and oatmeal, light broths, low-fat dairy products, poultry meat, lean beef, yellow and green vegetables and fruits. Groats before cooking must be soaked in cold water for 8-10 hours. You need to cook the broth in 2 stages: the first broth is drained, as it contains allergens, and the second, less saturated, is used for food.

The way food is prepared is also important. You should eat boiled and steamed foods, fried, baked and smoked foods can cause an exacerbation of the disease.

You need to drink plain and mineral water, weak green tea without sugar, a decoction of string, chamomile flowers, licorice roots, blackcurrant bark and red viburnum. It is better to give up coffee, cocoa, black tea, milkshakes, fruit juices, spirits, carbonated water.

Emollients for atopic dermatitis

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic non-infectious skin disease caused by a genetic predisposition and provoked by various allergic factors. The main symptoms are itching, redness, dryness and flaking of the skin.

Atopic dermatitis is often caused by heredity. In most cases, dermatitis manifests itself in early childhood with the preservation of one or another of its signs throughout life.

An allergic reaction that causes atopic dermatitis lies in the hyperreaction of the body to various substances, for example, plant pollen, animal dander, dust, household chemicals, and so on.

Atopic dermatitis is characterized by its relapsing course with periods of exacerbation. Frequent exacerbations can be caused by the following reasons:

  • contact with an allergen;
  • season of the year;
  • stress and fatigue.

It is worth noting that self-diagnosis is unacceptable, since a variety of diseases can be hidden behind similar symptoms, and erroneously prescribed treatment will only aggravate the situation. Be sure to consult your doctor, and only on the basis of all the necessary studies can the presence or absence of the disease be confirmed.

Emollients in the treatment of atopic dermatitis

The main type of therapy for atopic dermatitis is the use of antiallergic drugs. In addition, complex therapy in the treatment of atopic dermatitis in adults and children includes special oil-based care products: creams, ointments, emulsions, called emollients . The fatty substances of the emollient help to get rid of the symptoms of the disease, relieve redness and itching, reduce peeling, they prevent the skin from drying out and have a softening effect. But here it is important to remember that emollients are effective only as part of complex therapy, which includes taking medications aimed at eliminating the cause of the disease.

There is a whole list of emollients for atopic dermatitis, but one of the most popular in skin care for children and adults is Losterin . The Losterin product line includes cream, ointment, shampoo and gel. They contain not one, but several active ingredients at once, which increases the effectiveness of treatment. For example:

  • Deresined naftalan and salicylic acid have an antifungal and anti-inflammatory effect.
  • Natural oils (linseed, almond and sunflower) provide an exfoliating and bacteriostatic effect.

It should be noted that Losterin emollients are an example of the optimal ratio of price and effective effect in the treatment of atopic dermatitis.

Benefits of using Losterin products

  • The presence of several active ingredients in the composition, unlike many other products with only one active ingredient.
  • Ease of use. Means are quickly absorbed into the skin and do not cause discomfort during application.
  • The presence of extracts of medicinal herbs and natural oils.
  • The ability to use funds as often as necessary.

Can you get vaccinated for atopic dermatitis?

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Atopic dermatitis is a disease characterized by an allergic reaction in the form of rashes on the skin. The reasons for it can be problems in the work of individual organs and their systems, a hereditary factor, nervous overload. Allergens are food, animal hair, medicines, plant pollen, dust, etc.

Parents of sick children often have the question of whether a child can be vaccinated for atopic dermatitis. Vaccination is aimed at preventing serious diseases. However, vaccinations do not always work positively. There is no categorical ban on vaccination for patients with dermatitis. But since there is a risk that the injected drugs will provoke an exacerbation of the disease, a consultation with a doctor is necessary before vaccination, possibly tests.

When not to get vaccinated

  • Do not vaccinate during exacerbations, because in this case, dermatitis may worsen. It is necessary to wait for a stable remission.
  • The DPT vaccine for dermatitis is replaced by Infanrix , ADS or ADS-M.

Vaccination is also stressful for a healthy body. Therefore, with dermatitis, special preparation is necessary before vaccination.

How to prepare for vaccination

  • Before vaccination it is necessary to use antihistamines. The dose and course of administration should be prescribed by the attending physician.
  • Avoid contact with allergens (follow a diet, do not use synthetic clothing and bedding that provokes allergies, remove other irritating factors).
  • Regulate bowel function.
  • Moisturize the skin using a hypoallergenic cream.
  • Take water procedures under the shower in warm water no more than twice a week.
  • Consult a doctor. In difficult cases, vaccination is done in a hospital.

Precautions after vaccination

  • After the vaccination is done, it is forbidden to wash for 3 days.
  • Avoid contact with allergens.
  • It is important to see a doctor within 3 days after vaccination.
  • It is necessary to protect the patient from communication with those suffering from infectious diseases.
  • Moisturize the skin with a cream that does not contain dyes and fragrances.

Dermatitis on the face – causes and treatment, symptoms

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

A person’s appearance is an indicator of health and well-being. The appearance of any rashes on the face may indicate disturbances in the functioning of internal organs, malnutrition, an allergic reaction, insufficient or improper care.

Dermatitis on the face is a general concept that includes a number of diseases accompanied by reddening of the skin, swelling, peeling, local itching and rashes.

The disease affects the face, which can bring tremendous physical discomfort and affect psychological health.

Causes of dermatitis on the face

Statistically revealed, the disease occurs with a frequency of 12%. The causes of dermatitis on the face are:

  1. Violations in the work of sweat and sebaceous glands.
  2. The use of low-quality, falsified and expired decorative cosmetics.
  3. Prolonged application of certain drugs (external hormonal agents, antibacterial drugs)
  4. genetic predisposition.
  5. Decreased immune response.
  6. Hormonal imbalance against the background of diseases of internal organs, puberty, menopause or andropause .
  7. Having bad habits.
  8. Insufficient and unbalanced nutrition, fast food intake
  9. Regular stressful situations

Most often, there is a combination of several provoking factors, which complicates the identification of the trigger and the selection of pathogenetic treatment.

Symptoms of dermatitis on the face

Depending on the disease, dermatitis on the face can manifest itself with different symptoms, so home treatment should be abandoned. The most common diseases include contact dermatitis (including allergic), seborrheic dermatitis, atopic and perioral dermatitis.

contact dermatitis

manifestations of the disease are associated with direct contact of the skin and an irritating substance (acid, alkali) or any thermal effect. There is a pronounced redness of the skin, the appearance of rashes, dryness, itching and burning at the site of contact of the skin with an irritating substance.

A type of contact dermatitis is allergic contact dermatitis.

A feature of this disease is the uniqueness of the allergen for each person. So, the disease can manifest itself when using cosmetics and care products, a new powder and fabric softener, be a reaction to jewelry made of metal and other materials.

Usually develops some time after contact with the allergen, which complicates the identification of the causative factor. Unlike contact dermatitis, rashes are more common and may present as less active rashes.

A subspecies of allergic contact dermatitis is photodermatitis and photophytodermatitis , when allergies are caused by combined exposure to ultraviolet rays and cosmetics, drugs, or the juice of certain plants and fruits.

Atopic dermatitis

This disease is characterized by a chronic course, most often develops from early childhood and is often combined with other allergic diseases (hay fever, bronchial asthma). Most often, with atopic dermatitis, marked dryness of the skin of the face, peeling, inflammation of the skin of the eyelids with the formation of edema, peeling of the skin, and pigmentation around the eyes are noted. Often accompanied by severe itching.

Perioral dermatitis

It is more often detected in women aged 18 to 35 years, occurs due to improper facial skin care and prolonged use of anti-inflammatory (hormonal) drugs. The second name for this disease is rosacea -like dermatitis due to the similarity in external manifestations with rosacea .

The skin of the chin, near the corners of the mouth, the nasolabial triangle is covered with pink, red and burgundy spots. Peeling and papular rash are noted on the surface. It is exacerbated by prolonged exposure to the sun, the application of decorative cosmetics, the use of aggressive gels, soap, tonic or facial milk.

Seborrheic dermatitis

The peak of manifestations occurs during puberty, in adults it may be the result of a genetic predisposition, hormonal disorders, reduced immunity, diseases of internal organs, and infectious pathologies.

There are 3 types of seborrheic dermatitis:

  1. Oily is manifested by excessive separation of sebum, shiny skin of the forehead, chin, cheeks and wings of the nose, and a few acne rashes.
  2. Dry: tightness , peeling and cracking of the skin of the forehead, nasolabial folds, chin. May be disturbed by severe itching and pain. The scales are usually white with a yellow tint.
  3. Mixed: a combination of symptoms of oily and dry seborrhea. Involvement in the process of the skin of the scalp.

Exacerbation in the autumn-spring period, has a chronic course.

Treatment of dermatitis on the face

Depending on the cause of dermatitis on the face, complex pathogenetic treatment is prescribed, which includes taking medications, applying medications, correcting lifestyle and nutrition.

The most commonly used medications for dermatitis on the face include:

  1. Antihistamines:
  2. Sorbents:
  3. Sedatives (sedatives)
  4. Vitamin complexes:
  5. Antibiotics, antifungals and antimicrobials
  6. Immunomodulators:

In addition, it is important to correct nutrition with the identification of products that cause an exacerbation of the disease. It is advisable to reduce the intake of citrus fruits, vegetables containing lycopene (red tomatoes, peppers), spicy, salty, smoked and spicy foods.

Recommended observance of the regime of the day and rest, the rejection of bad habits.

Treatment of dermatitis on the face with ointments and creams

In the treatment of contact and allergic dermatitis, hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs are most often prescribed for a short period (10-14 days), and then they switch to treatment with non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs (including Losterin cream ).

Rosacea-like dermatitis on the face requires a longer external therapy, including the gradual abandonment of the use of hormonal drugs, the correction of the microflora of the facial skin with antimicrobial agents, and the restoration of the skin with the help of non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Seborrheic dermatitis on the face is supported by an opportunistic fungal microflora of the skin, so treatment may include the use of antifungal drugs, non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs and drugs that reduce the secretion of sebum.

Prevention of dermatitis on the face

Preventive measures are aimed at preventing the development and recurrence of the disease. They provide for the observance of a hypoallergenic diet, the regimen of the day and rest, the exclusion of bad habits, increased physical activity, and a long stay in the fresh air.

Allergic dermatitis in adults

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Allergy is a tricky thing, and manifests itself in a variety of ways. Someone’s eyes turn red and itch, someone sneezes or coughs. But the most unpleasant type of disease is allergic dermatitis. Despite the fact that this disease is non-infectious and is treated with conservative methods, it brings a lot of trouble to a person.

What does allergic dermatitis look like?

Often only an experienced doctor – an allergist or a dermatologist – can recognize the disease. This happens if dermatitis is caused by wearing inappropriate clothing (synthetics, wool), household features. But sometimes the patient himself can identify the symptoms of allergic dermatitis and consult a specialist for treatment. The disease is indicated by the appearance of severe itching and redness in a certain area of \u200b\u200bthe skin. Usually this is preceded by some kind of action: applying cosmetics to the skin, eating certain foods, taking medications.

What happens if dermatitis is left untreated?

Many, having read advice on the Internet and hoping that everything “will soon pass by itself”, are dragging out a visit to the doctor to the last. Their actions are reduced to taking an antihistamine, sometimes to minimizing contact with the allergen. Such an approach cannot be called reasonable. Without adequate treatment, rashes become more widespread and pronounced.

How to get rid of the disease?

You looked at dozens of photos, carefully read the symptoms, and after going to the doctor, you were finally convinced of the need to treat allergic dermatitis. As a rule, to get rid of the disease are prescribed:

  • vitamins – they are necessary to maintain immunity;
  • probiotics – to normalize the intestinal microflora;
  • antihistamines – to relieve allergy symptoms;
  • corticosteroid ointments and creams – to quickly eliminate the focus of inflammation;
  • special hygiene products designed for allergy sufferers.

If the dermatitis was caused by a food allergy, then medications will work great in combination with a diet that excludes foods that provoke the release of the hormone histamine into the bloodstream.

Maintenance therapy: features of choice

Creams, gels and shampoos for allergy sufferers should be used not only during an exacerbation, but also during remission – any competent specialist will tell you this. Quite often, allergists and dermatologists recommend Losterin preparations to their patients , which include body and foot creams, shampoo and shower gel. Means of the series have a pronounced antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, soothing effect. The treatment of allergic dermatitis with this non-hormonal drug gives a good result in both adults and children – this is evidenced by numerous photos “before” and “after” the use of the line products.