Allergic dermatitis

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Allergic dermatitis is a dermatological disease that occurs when a certain substance is exposed to the body.

Pathology can manifest itself at any age

Characteristic features of allergic dermatitis:

  • clear specificity – the manifestation of an allergic reaction only to a specific substance to which the body is hypersensitive;
  • delayed reaction – inflammatory processes appear some time after contact with the allergen.

Expert opinion

– There is such a myth that people suffering from allergies are more likely to get infectious diseases, because they have weaker immunity. This is a false judgment. Resistance to many infections in a person with a tendency to allergies can be absolutely the same as in a healthy person. There is no direct link between anti- infective protection and allergies.

Firsakova Svetlana Sergeevna, dermatovenereologist,
Melanoma clinic unit Moscow

Causes of allergic dermatitis

The cause of allergic dermatitis in different people is some kind of individual allergen: it can be a food product, a component of household chemicals, jewelry, clothing fabric, and much more.

Quite often, allergic dermatitis is diagnosed in people suffering from chronic allergies, bronchial asthma, and urticaria. There is also a hereditary predisposition to the development of the disease.

Psycho-emotional stress is unable to provoke an allergic reaction, but they can significantly worsen the patient’s condition.

Depending on the allergen, there are several types of allergic dermatitis:

  • Toxicoderma – an allergen (most often a drug) enters the body through the organs of the digestive system, respiratory tract, with intravenous, subcutaneous or intramuscular injection. In severe cases, Lyell’s syndrome develops – a life-threatening condition in which extensive inflammation of the skin is observed, followed by its exfoliation. Treatment of Lyell’s syndrome is carried out in the intensive care unit. A specific type of toxicoderma is fixed erythema. This is the body’s response to taking certain medications (most often containing a sulfanilamide group – Baralgin, Biseptol). It is characterized by the appearance of rashes on the same areas of the skin.
  • Phytodermatitis – pollen and plant sap act as an allergen.
  • Contact – manifests itself in direct contact with the allergen (cosmetics, household chemicals, jewelry, synthetics).

Symptoms of allergic dermatitis

Clinical manifestations of allergic dermatitis are clearly visible in the photo (they are similar to signs of eczema) – large red spots covered with small bubbles. When the bubbles burst, weeping is formed . After the inflammatory process subsides, the skin becomes covered with crusts formed from the drying fluid and dying tissues. Another symptom is severe itching, which continues even during sleep.

In the chronic form of the disease, peeling and lichenification are observed – the skin thickens, the pattern intensifies, pigmentation is disturbed.

Treatment of allergic dermatitis

Before prescribing treatment, it is necessary to make a correct diagnosis and establish the cause of allergic dermatitis. To this end, the doctor examines the patient, studies the history of the development of the disease, sends him for a blood test, and conducts allergic tests.

In some cases, it is enough to eliminate the allergen to get rid of the problem. Otherwise, the doctor will prescribe medications.

How to treat allergic dermatitis? The basis of therapy is external anti-inflammatory and moisturizing drugs, as well as antihistamines and desensitizing agents that eliminate unpleasant symptoms. Duration of admission – from two weeks to 4 months.

Systemic therapy includes the use of antihistamines. Depending on the severity of the disease, the presence / absence of some chronic diseases, first-generation drugs (often cause drowsiness) or more modern drugs that lack a sedative effect may be prescribed. Usually, drug treatment of allergic dermatitis also includes the use of enterosorbents that remove the allergen from the digestive tract.

In addition to general treatment, local treatment is also necessary. The most commonly used hormone -containing ointments and creams. They quickly relieve inflammation and redness, relieve swelling and itching. But they can be used in short courses, usually no more than 2-3 weeks. With longer use, some undesirable side effects may develop.

In the case of a longer course of the disease, as well as to reduce the number of drugs, dermatologists supplement the treatment with non-hormonal local preparations. Losterin cream , made on the basis of deresined naftalan . It has a desensitizing, exfoliating and antimicrobial effect, relieves inflammation, eliminates pain and itching. Thanks to almond oil and D- panthenol , it promotes cell regeneration and wound healing.

In the stage of weeping , zinc-naphthalan paste Losterin will provide effective assistance . It has drying, astringent, adsorbing, disinfecting, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antipruritic properties. In addition, the paste softens the stratum corneum, which facilitates the penetration of active substances deep into the skin.

Preparations of the Losterin line (cream, paste, shower gel, shampoo, cream-soap) do not contain hormones, dyes and fragrances. Therefore, they are recommended for daily skin care, as they do not cause withdrawal symptoms and side effects. These drugs help prevent symptoms of the disease and allow you to prolong the period of remission.

The manufacturer strictly controls the quality of drugs at all stages, which ensures their high efficiency and safety.

Additionally, you can make lotions with a decoction of horsetail, string, calendula, bay leaf, chamomile flowers, marshmallow root, tea leaves. Lotions cool and soothe the skin, dry and disinfect wounds. Baths have a similar effect.

Effectively complement the medical treatment of physiotherapy (strengthen the immune system, increase the body’s resistance to allergens):

  • laser therapy – relieves swelling, stimulates wound healing, restores metabolism;
  • infrared radiation – eliminates peeling and weakens lichenization ;
  • sun and sea baths – saturate the skin with useful substances, normalize metabolism.

An important component of treatment is diet therapy. The diet is selected individually based on the results of allergy tests . In most cases , whole milk, eggs, sauces, seafood, fish, mushrooms, citrus fruits, strawberries, raspberries, honey, sweets, pastries, chocolate, canned food, seasonings are excluded from the diet of patients .

The basis of the menu should be rice, buckwheat and oatmeal, light broths, low-fat dairy products, poultry meat, lean beef, yellow and green vegetables and fruits. Groats before cooking must be soaked in cold water for 8-10 hours. You need to cook the broth in 2 stages: the first broth is drained, as it contains allergens, and the second, less saturated, is used for food.

The way food is prepared is also important. You should eat boiled and steamed foods, fried, baked and smoked foods can cause an exacerbation of the disease.

You need to drink plain and mineral water, weak green tea without sugar, a decoction of string, chamomile flowers, licorice roots, blackcurrant bark and red viburnum. It is better to give up coffee, cocoa, black tea, milkshakes, fruit juices, spirits, carbonated water.

Emollients for atopic dermatitis

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic non-infectious skin disease caused by a genetic predisposition and provoked by various allergic factors. The main symptoms are itching, redness, dryness and flaking of the skin.

Atopic dermatitis is often caused by heredity. In most cases, dermatitis manifests itself in early childhood with the preservation of one or another of its signs throughout life.

An allergic reaction that causes atopic dermatitis lies in the hyperreaction of the body to various substances, for example, plant pollen, animal dander, dust, household chemicals, and so on.

Atopic dermatitis is characterized by its relapsing course with periods of exacerbation. Frequent exacerbations can be caused by the following reasons:

  • contact with an allergen;
  • season of the year;
  • stress and fatigue.

It is worth noting that self-diagnosis is unacceptable, since a variety of diseases can be hidden behind similar symptoms, and erroneously prescribed treatment will only aggravate the situation. Be sure to consult your doctor, and only on the basis of all the necessary studies can the presence or absence of the disease be confirmed.

Emollients in the treatment of atopic dermatitis

The main type of therapy for atopic dermatitis is the use of antiallergic drugs. In addition, complex therapy in the treatment of atopic dermatitis in adults and children includes special oil-based care products: creams, ointments, emulsions, called emollients . The fatty substances of the emollient help to get rid of the symptoms of the disease, relieve redness and itching, reduce peeling, they prevent the skin from drying out and have a softening effect. But here it is important to remember that emollients are effective only as part of complex therapy, which includes taking medications aimed at eliminating the cause of the disease.

There is a whole list of emollients for atopic dermatitis, but one of the most popular in skin care for children and adults is Losterin . The Losterin product line includes cream, ointment, shampoo and gel. They contain not one, but several active ingredients at once, which increases the effectiveness of treatment. For example:

  • Deresined naftalan and salicylic acid have an antifungal and anti-inflammatory effect.
  • Natural oils (linseed, almond and sunflower) provide an exfoliating and bacteriostatic effect.

It should be noted that Losterin emollients are an example of the optimal ratio of price and effective effect in the treatment of atopic dermatitis.

Benefits of using Losterin products

  • The presence of several active ingredients in the composition, unlike many other products with only one active ingredient.
  • Ease of use. Means are quickly absorbed into the skin and do not cause discomfort during application.
  • The presence of extracts of medicinal herbs and natural oils.
  • The ability to use funds as often as necessary.

Can you get vaccinated for atopic dermatitis?

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Atopic dermatitis is a disease characterized by an allergic reaction in the form of rashes on the skin. The reasons for it can be problems in the work of individual organs and their systems, a hereditary factor, nervous overload. Allergens are food, animal hair, medicines, plant pollen, dust, etc.

Parents of sick children often have the question of whether a child can be vaccinated for atopic dermatitis. Vaccination is aimed at preventing serious diseases. However, vaccinations do not always work positively. There is no categorical ban on vaccination for patients with dermatitis. But since there is a risk that the injected drugs will provoke an exacerbation of the disease, a consultation with a doctor is necessary before vaccination, possibly tests.

When not to get vaccinated

  • Do not vaccinate during exacerbations, because in this case, dermatitis may worsen. It is necessary to wait for a stable remission.
  • The DPT vaccine for dermatitis is replaced by Infanrix , ADS or ADS-M.

Vaccination is also stressful for a healthy body. Therefore, with dermatitis, special preparation is necessary before vaccination.

How to prepare for vaccination

  • Before vaccination it is necessary to use antihistamines. The dose and course of administration should be prescribed by the attending physician.
  • Avoid contact with allergens (follow a diet, do not use synthetic clothing and bedding that provokes allergies, remove other irritating factors).
  • Regulate bowel function.
  • Moisturize the skin using a hypoallergenic cream.
  • Take water procedures under the shower in warm water no more than twice a week.
  • Consult a doctor. In difficult cases, vaccination is done in a hospital.

Precautions after vaccination

  • After the vaccination is done, it is forbidden to wash for 3 days.
  • Avoid contact with allergens.
  • It is important to see a doctor within 3 days after vaccination.
  • It is necessary to protect the patient from communication with those suffering from infectious diseases.
  • Moisturize the skin with a cream that does not contain dyes and fragrances.

Dermatitis on the face – causes and treatment, symptoms

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

A person’s appearance is an indicator of health and well-being. The appearance of any rashes on the face may indicate disturbances in the functioning of internal organs, malnutrition, an allergic reaction, insufficient or improper care.

Dermatitis on the face is a general concept that includes a number of diseases accompanied by reddening of the skin, swelling, peeling, local itching and rashes.

The disease affects the face, which can bring tremendous physical discomfort and affect psychological health.

Causes of dermatitis on the face

Statistically revealed, the disease occurs with a frequency of 12%. The causes of dermatitis on the face are:

  1. Violations in the work of sweat and sebaceous glands.
  2. The use of low-quality, falsified and expired decorative cosmetics.
  3. Prolonged application of certain drugs (external hormonal agents, antibacterial drugs)
  4. genetic predisposition.
  5. Decreased immune response.
  6. Hormonal imbalance against the background of diseases of internal organs, puberty, menopause or andropause .
  7. Having bad habits.
  8. Insufficient and unbalanced nutrition, fast food intake
  9. Regular stressful situations

Most often, there is a combination of several provoking factors, which complicates the identification of the trigger and the selection of pathogenetic treatment.

Symptoms of dermatitis on the face

Depending on the disease, dermatitis on the face can manifest itself with different symptoms, so home treatment should be abandoned. The most common diseases include contact dermatitis (including allergic), seborrheic dermatitis, atopic and perioral dermatitis.

contact dermatitis

manifestations of the disease are associated with direct contact of the skin and an irritating substance (acid, alkali) or any thermal effect. There is a pronounced redness of the skin, the appearance of rashes, dryness, itching and burning at the site of contact of the skin with an irritating substance.

A type of contact dermatitis is allergic contact dermatitis.

A feature of this disease is the uniqueness of the allergen for each person. So, the disease can manifest itself when using cosmetics and care products, a new powder and fabric softener, be a reaction to jewelry made of metal and other materials.

Usually develops some time after contact with the allergen, which complicates the identification of the causative factor. Unlike contact dermatitis, rashes are more common and may present as less active rashes.

A subspecies of allergic contact dermatitis is photodermatitis and photophytodermatitis , when allergies are caused by combined exposure to ultraviolet rays and cosmetics, drugs, or the juice of certain plants and fruits.

Atopic dermatitis

This disease is characterized by a chronic course, most often develops from early childhood and is often combined with other allergic diseases (hay fever, bronchial asthma). Most often, with atopic dermatitis, marked dryness of the skin of the face, peeling, inflammation of the skin of the eyelids with the formation of edema, peeling of the skin, and pigmentation around the eyes are noted. Often accompanied by severe itching.

Perioral dermatitis

It is more often detected in women aged 18 to 35 years, occurs due to improper facial skin care and prolonged use of anti-inflammatory (hormonal) drugs. The second name for this disease is rosacea -like dermatitis due to the similarity in external manifestations with rosacea .

The skin of the chin, near the corners of the mouth, the nasolabial triangle is covered with pink, red and burgundy spots. Peeling and papular rash are noted on the surface. It is exacerbated by prolonged exposure to the sun, the application of decorative cosmetics, the use of aggressive gels, soap, tonic or facial milk.

Seborrheic dermatitis

The peak of manifestations occurs during puberty, in adults it may be the result of a genetic predisposition, hormonal disorders, reduced immunity, diseases of internal organs, and infectious pathologies.

There are 3 types of seborrheic dermatitis:

  1. Oily is manifested by excessive separation of sebum, shiny skin of the forehead, chin, cheeks and wings of the nose, and a few acne rashes.
  2. Dry: tightness , peeling and cracking of the skin of the forehead, nasolabial folds, chin. May be disturbed by severe itching and pain. The scales are usually white with a yellow tint.
  3. Mixed: a combination of symptoms of oily and dry seborrhea. Involvement in the process of the skin of the scalp.

Exacerbation in the autumn-spring period, has a chronic course.

Treatment of dermatitis on the face

Depending on the cause of dermatitis on the face, complex pathogenetic treatment is prescribed, which includes taking medications, applying medications, correcting lifestyle and nutrition.

The most commonly used medications for dermatitis on the face include:

  1. Antihistamines:
  2. Sorbents:
  3. Sedatives (sedatives)
  4. Vitamin complexes:
  5. Antibiotics, antifungals and antimicrobials
  6. Immunomodulators:

In addition, it is important to correct nutrition with the identification of products that cause an exacerbation of the disease. It is advisable to reduce the intake of citrus fruits, vegetables containing lycopene (red tomatoes, peppers), spicy, salty, smoked and spicy foods.

Recommended observance of the regime of the day and rest, the rejection of bad habits.

Treatment of dermatitis on the face with ointments and creams

In the treatment of contact and allergic dermatitis, hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs are most often prescribed for a short period (10-14 days), and then they switch to treatment with non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs (including Losterin cream ).

Rosacea-like dermatitis on the face requires a longer external therapy, including the gradual abandonment of the use of hormonal drugs, the correction of the microflora of the facial skin with antimicrobial agents, and the restoration of the skin with the help of non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Seborrheic dermatitis on the face is supported by an opportunistic fungal microflora of the skin, so treatment may include the use of antifungal drugs, non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs and drugs that reduce the secretion of sebum.

Prevention of dermatitis on the face

Preventive measures are aimed at preventing the development and recurrence of the disease. They provide for the observance of a hypoallergenic diet, the regimen of the day and rest, the exclusion of bad habits, increased physical activity, and a long stay in the fresh air.

Allergic dermatitis in adults

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Allergy is a tricky thing, and manifests itself in a variety of ways. Someone’s eyes turn red and itch, someone sneezes or coughs. But the most unpleasant type of disease is allergic dermatitis. Despite the fact that this disease is non-infectious and is treated with conservative methods, it brings a lot of trouble to a person.

What does allergic dermatitis look like?

Often only an experienced doctor – an allergist or a dermatologist – can recognize the disease. This happens if dermatitis is caused by wearing inappropriate clothing (synthetics, wool), household features. But sometimes the patient himself can identify the symptoms of allergic dermatitis and consult a specialist for treatment. The disease is indicated by the appearance of severe itching and redness in a certain area of \u200b\u200bthe skin. Usually this is preceded by some kind of action: applying cosmetics to the skin, eating certain foods, taking medications.

What happens if dermatitis is left untreated?

Many, having read advice on the Internet and hoping that everything “will soon pass by itself”, are dragging out a visit to the doctor to the last. Their actions are reduced to taking an antihistamine, sometimes to minimizing contact with the allergen. Such an approach cannot be called reasonable. Without adequate treatment, rashes become more widespread and pronounced.

How to get rid of the disease?

You looked at dozens of photos, carefully read the symptoms, and after going to the doctor, you were finally convinced of the need to treat allergic dermatitis. As a rule, to get rid of the disease are prescribed:

  • vitamins – they are necessary to maintain immunity;
  • probiotics – to normalize the intestinal microflora;
  • antihistamines – to relieve allergy symptoms;
  • corticosteroid ointments and creams – to quickly eliminate the focus of inflammation;
  • special hygiene products designed for allergy sufferers.

If the dermatitis was caused by a food allergy, then medications will work great in combination with a diet that excludes foods that provoke the release of the hormone histamine into the bloodstream.

Maintenance therapy: features of choice

Creams, gels and shampoos for allergy sufferers should be used not only during an exacerbation, but also during remission – any competent specialist will tell you this. Quite often, allergists and dermatologists recommend Losterin preparations to their patients , which include body and foot creams, shampoo and shower gel. Means of the series have a pronounced antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, soothing effect. The treatment of allergic dermatitis with this non-hormonal drug gives a good result in both adults and children – this is evidenced by numerous photos “before” and “after” the use of the line products.

Treatment of dermatitis on the legs of a child

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Dermatitis that develops on the lower extremities can be caused by both external and internal causes. Usually the ankles are affected, but there are also cases when dermatitis on the legs also affects the feet. There is no need to be afraid of this disease – with the right approach, its symptoms subside rather quickly and do not cause concern to the child.

External factors leading to dermatitis in children

When comparing photos of foot dermatitis with their child’s feet, parents often wonder what they did wrong. In fact, dermatitis is not the result of neglect of health. This is a disease that is equally likely to affect anyone. But if the trouble has already occurred, and you are trying to find an explanation for it, it will not be superfluous to find out why dermatitis occurs on the lower leg.

It is caused by such external factors:

  • wearing uncomfortable shoes or boots (tight or smaller) or sandals that are made of synthetic material that causes allergies;
  • skin contact with non-natural tissues during physical exertion (when the body is actively sweating);
  • sharp temperature fluctuations;
  • prolonged exposure to direct sunlight
  • touching cold or hot objects;
  • contact with allergenic plants;
  • bacterial or viral infection;
  • aggressive washing powders and detergents.

Can dermatitis be provoked by internal causes?

Dermatitis on the legs of a child also appears due to internal factors:

  1. decreased immunity due to an infectious disease;
  2. vascular pathology;
  3. disruption of the endocrine system;
  4. the appearance of pathogenic flora in the body;
  5. genetic predisposition (atopic dermatitis on the legs of a child);
  6. nervous experiences.

Dermatitis on the feet of children: photos and signs

Depending on the ways in which irritants enter the body, dermatitis is divided into the following types:

  • atopic dermatitis on the legs

It manifests itself in the form of redness on the skin in the area of the knee and ankle joints, peeling, feeling of dryness and itching. If left untreated, sores will begin to form due to constant scratching. It is important not only to cope with the exacerbation of the disease, but also to prolong the remission!

  • allergic (contact) dermatitis

Photos of eczema in children on the legs show that bubbles form on the soles of the child with a clear liquid inside. When he combs them, the bubbles burst and wounds form. It is important in the treatment of this form of dermatitis not to allow it to turn into a chronic disease that will bother the child even when he grows up.

Treatment of dermatitis on the legs in patients of preschool and school age

Treatment of dermatitis on the legs of a child depends on the type of rash and the stage of the disease. In the acute period, systemic therapy (the use of tablets) may be required, external anti-inflammatory treatment is mandatory. With atopic dermatitis, the doctor will immediately prescribe moisturizers that will restore the skin and cope with dryness. With eczema, such remedies will be required only after the disappearance of all the bubbles.

Additionally, consultations of related specialists (allergist-immunologist, endocrinologist, etc.), laboratory examinations to identify the causes of the disease may be required.

Causes and methods of treatment of dermatitis in children of preschool and primary school age

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Translated from the Greek language ” atopy ” means alien. It is as an illegal invasion of their possessions that our body considers the penetration of allergens into it. The response that occurs in this case is the active production of immunoglobulin. We observe the external manifestations of this internal “war” on the skin. Swelling and redness appear first, then itching begins, the child scratches the rash, which leads to the formation of cracks and peeling.

Causes of atopic dermatitis in children

Among all types of dermatitis in children, the most common is atopic. Whether a child of 5 years old will get dermatitis can be said even before his birth. If parents look into their past and answer the question of whether they are familiar with the symptoms of dermatitis, this will help to predict the child’s predisposition to the disease.

Other relatives, less close: aunts, uncles, grandparents, can also award such an inheritance as baby dermatitis. If someone in the family has a gene that causes a similar reaction to any stimulus, there is a chance that the child will also have it.

Most often, the first symptoms of atopic dermatitis in children are noticed by parents in infancy. But if the reaction was insignificant, they may not pay attention to it. The big surprise for mom and dad is the fact of getting dermatitis at an older age, when they stop carefully monitoring the nutrition of their son or daughter.

There is a chance that the child will outgrow the dermatitis. The childhood form of this disease may recede after passing such a milestone as adolescence.

Features of atopic dermatitis in children of preschool and primary school age

If atopic dermatitis in a child of 1 year old manifests itself mainly on the face and the so-called folds, then in older children it also affects the neck, hands, folds of large joints. It may be accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • skin redness
  • severe itching in the area of the rash
  • the appearance of individual rashes within reddened skin
  • peeling or weeping lesions
  • the formation of crusts in the places of scratching.

How to treat dermatitis in a child

For parents whose son or daughter are sick, the question of how to cure dermatitis in a child is quite natural. Self-treatment always carries the risk of missing any additional symptoms. They may not be visible to the naked eye.

Drugs for atopic dermatitis in children can only be prescribed by a doctor. Therefore, in the clinic, your child will be offered to undergo a complete examination.

External treatment of skin dermatitis in children consists in the rapid removal of the exacerbation of the disease with anti-inflammatory external preparations and the long-term use of moisturizing preparations that can maintain the skin in a normal state without exacerbation. The means of long-term use include Losterin cream , which contains traditional, non-hormonal components. They are not addictive and cope well with the symptoms of the disease.

Treatment of childhood dermatitis is impossible without diet. Exclude from the menu all products containing preservatives, try to provide a full-fledged “home” food.

Prevention of dermatitis in children is to avoid contact with the allergen.

Perioral dermatitis – treatment, symptoms and causes

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Perioral dermatitis is a chronic skin disease, the main manifestations of which are foci of inflammation and peeling of the skin around the mouth, in the area of the nasolabial triangle and chin. The disease is often recurrent. In medical practice, it is described as “perioral” or ” rosacea -like ” dermatitis, as well as “stewardess disease” due to the frequent presence of the disease in women of this profession.

Causes of perioral dermatitis

Perioral dermatitis, a photo of which can be viewed on a medical website, most often develops as a result of the irrational use of various care and / or medications. There are also other reasons that support the course of the disease. They can be divided into exogenous and endogenous.

Factors of exogenous origin:

  • components of means for creation of a make-up and the looking after cosmetics. Counterfeit products with low-quality ingredients;
  • Long-term therapy with hormonal ( glucocorticosteroid ) creams;
  • carrying out inhalations with the addition of fluorine-containing corticosteroids (Dexamethasone, Triamcinolone , Betamethasone , Fluprednisolone );
  • taking oral contraceptives;
  • prolonged use of toothpaste containing fluoride;
  • change in climatic conditions, high humidity, weathering;
  • ultraviolet radiation, prolonged insolation;

Factors of endogenous origin:

  • chronic focus of infection (inflammatory process of the sinuses, palatine tonsils, caries, cavernous cavities in the teeth);
  • chronic diseases of the digestive canal, nervous system;
  • abnormal levels of hormones;
  • violation of the microbiome of the skin of the face;
  • sensitive and delicate facial skin.

Statistically revealed, perioral dematitis on the face most often affects women aged 20 to 40 years, there are cases of skin lesions in children with the use of corticoid agents in the form of aerosols and sprays, teething, excessive salivation and late weaning from the nipple.

Symptoms of perioral dermatitis

There is a certain localization of rashes. The skin of the nasolabial triangle, chin and corners of the mouth is more often affected, in rare cases there is a rash on the cheeks, in the forehead and periorbital zone.

By the nature of the elements of the rash, the usual and granulomatous forms of the disease are distinguished. The disease debuts with the appearance of single or multiple papules prone to fusion, the color varies from pale pink to pronounced red. It looks like acne breakouts. The skin is hyperemic.

After healing of the elements, crusts form, which are easily peeled off . In the case of forced removal of crusts, hyperpigmentation remains.

Rashes are located in groups or isolated above the upper lip, gradually spreading to nearby areas. An important clinical symptom is the absence of 3-4 mm lips around the red border. The application of moisturizing cosmetics enhances the clinical picture.

In childhood, a granulomatous form of the disease is sometimes found, in which the rashes are painted in beige, pale pink or light brown.

Treatment of perioral dermatitis

The treatment of perioral dermatitis will require adherence to staged therapy, which consists in stopping contact with the trigger, following a hypoallergenic diet, and using medications.

Initially proceed to the so-called “zero therapy”. The peculiarity is the cessation of the use of toothpaste containing fluoride, hormonal ( glucocorticosteroid ) creams, decorative cosmetics and other care products. In the case of inhalations with corticoids , it is necessary to reconsider the tactics of treatment, as a result of which the attending specialist decides to cancel the drug or replace it with a similar agent.

Treatment with the inclusion of a hypoallergenic diet for perioral dermatitis on the face will help reduce the degree of rashes, the severity of clinical symptoms, or lead to a long-term remission of the disease. Meals should contain:

  1. Protein foods: lean veal, turkey, rabbit; river fish (perch, carp, pike); sea fish (cod and sea bass); offal (chicken liver, beef tongue); low-fat cottage cheese, kefir, butter.
  2. Vegetable products: cereals (rice, barley, buckwheat, corn, oatmeal, millet); vegetables (green salad, zucchini, potatoes, cauliflower, cucumber, white cabbage); berries and fruits (gooseberries, white cherries and mulberries, apples, pears, watermelon); refined vegetable oil.
  3. Drinks: sour milk (ayran, tan ); non-carbonated mineral waters; compote of dried apples and pears; weak green and black tea.
  4. Desserts: dry biscuit cookies (Maria, Belogorye); dried fruits (prunes, raisins, dried apricots).

Avoid eating with preservatives, dyes and sweeteners. It is worth giving up smoked, salty and spicy dishes for the period of stage therapy.

When determining the cause of perioral dermatitis, laboratory and instrumental diagnostic methods will be required, and then the appointment of drug etiotropic treatment in adults. Medication is needed when a hypoallergenic diet and the exclusion of trigger factors do not bring relief to the patient. Drug therapy includes the use of external (non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs from the group of calcineurin inhibitors or antibacterial ointments and gels) and systemic agents (tetracycline antibiotics, antihistamines, and others).

Upon completion of the main course, vitamin complexes and immunomodulatory therapy are prescribed.

Alternative treatment of perioral dermatitis

It is used in complex therapy with basic drugs or during the period of improvement. Treatment of folk remedies for perioral dermatitis involves the use of soothing, drying and wound healing lotions, decoctions and compresses. Experts do not recommend monotherapy , especially during an exacerbation.

Herbal medicine recipes:

Infusion of chamomile and calendula: a tablespoon of chamomile and a tablespoon of calendula are brewed in 400 ml of hot water, infused for 45-55 minutes. The resulting broth is filtered. Spend applications on inflamed areas lasting 15-20 minutes.

Treatment with folk remedies is effective in case of prolonged use and the correct selection of components. In addition, difficulties may arise due to the development of adverse reactions intolerance to plant materials or the exact proportions of a decoction, infusion or lotion.

Losterin for perioral dermatitis

The Losterin line of products was created specifically for therapeutic and preventive measures for chronic dermatopathy along with basic therapy. The peculiarity of the preparations is the absence of hormonal components, fragrances and dyes, which practically eliminates the appearance of intolerance and allergic reactions. With prolonged use, there is no addiction syndrome,

With perioral dermatitis on the face, first of all, such a form of Losterin is used as a cream.

Natural ingredients contained in Losterin cream have anti-inflammatory, antipruritic and soothing effects. Contribute to the natural regeneration of the epidermis, increase the barrier function, eliminate tightness and irritation.

Prevention of perioral dermatitis

Preventive measures are aimed at preventing re-contact with an irritating factor, the patient is recommended:

  • personal hygiene;
  • timely therapy of diseases of internal organs, elimination of the focus of chronic infection;
  • regular sanitation of the oral cavity;
  • avoid applying corticosteroid ointments to various parts of the body;
  • use only high-quality cosmetic products in small quantities;
  • changing fluoride toothpaste;
  • adhere to a regular and balanced diet.

Cryomassage and electrophoresis can be prescribed as therapeutic and preventive measures.

Dermatitis on the chest

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin caused by various factors. Dermatitis affects a variety of areas of the body, including the chest. Most often, dermatitis on the chest occurs in women during pregnancy / lactation and is accompanied by reddening of the skin, rash, peeling and severe itching.

Causes of dermatitis on the chest

Rashes on the chest are provoked by various factors that can be divided into internal and external.

Internal factors include:

  • metabolic disorders, hypovitaminosis;
  • hormonal failure during pregnancy and lactation;
  • allergies to food, wool, pollen, drugs, etc.;
  • heredity.

External reasons may be:

  • mechanical impact (friction) due to wearing tight or synthetic underwear;
  • chemical exposure (use of certain cosmetics).

When rashes appear on the chest, all kinds of irritating factors that led to dermatitis should be identified and excluded, and treatment should be started as soon as possible.

Treatment of dermatitis on the chest

It is important to note that you can not self-medicate, based only on a photo of dermatitis on the chest in women or the sternum in men and its symptoms. Many other diseases have similar symptoms. If redness and itching occur, consult your doctor for an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment. In addition, you should not scratch or peel off the crust from the affected area of \u200b\u200bthe skin, so as not to infect the infection.

Treatment of dermatitis on the chest is a complex effect. First of all, depending on the cause of the disease, antiallergic, sedative or other drugs can be prescribed to relieve acute inflammation. In addition, it is recommended to follow a diet, wear only natural underwear and clothes that do not restrict movement, use special products to heal and reduce itching.

One of the most popular drugs is the Losterin cream , which contains several active ingredients at once. In addition to the cream, Losterin ‘s product range includes shampoo and gel – they can be used for any type of dermatitis. The composition contains naftalan deresined and salicylic acid, which have a pronounced antifungal and anti-inflammatory effect, and natural oils provide an exfoliating and bacteriostatic effect.

Features of funds ” Losterin “

  • The content of not one, but six active ingredients.
  • Ease of use. Means are quickly absorbed into the skin.
  • The content of extracts of medicinal herbs and natural oils.
  • The ability to use funds as often as necessary.

find more information about the causes of dermatitis on the chest, as well as Losterin preparations , along with a photo, on our website, where you can also place an order or contact us by phone.

Seborrheic dermatitis on the face: causes, signs and treatments

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Seborrheic dermatitis is a non-infectious dermatological disease, accompanied by multiple rashes all over the body. The disease manifests itself in 5% of the population of our planet. A particular problem is seborrheic dermatitis on the face, as it spoils the appearance. As a result, a person feels not only physical, but also mental discomfort. He tries to avoid society and be alone, feels infringed, his self-esteem decreases, and a depressive state may develop.

There are 3 types of seborrheic dermatitis: oily, dry and mixed. Dry dermatitis on the face is mainly diagnosed in infants. Due to the decrease in fat production, the skin of babies dries up and begins to crack. The fatty form is usually found in men due to greasy skin. With mixed dermatitis, signs of dry seborrhea are found on the scalp, and oily on the face.

Seborrheic dermatitis on the face of a child

Causes of seborrheic dermatitis on the face

The main cause of seborrheic dermatitis is the increased functioning of the sebaceous glands and a change in the composition of the fat they produce. A similar situation develops with excessive reproduction of the fungus Malassezia (in its normal state, it is part of the skin microflora). In this case, it penetrates the sebaceous glands and produces a special secret that forces the subcutaneous fat to break down, forming fatty acids that irritate the skin and contribute to the appearance of rashes.

Dermatitis affects men more often than women, which is explained by the action of androgen, a male hormone. This hormone stimulates the synthesis of subcutaneous fat. In women, the disease usually manifests itself when the level of estrogen decreases and the concentration of androgen increases.

Especially often, seborrheic dermatitis on the forehead is diagnosed in people whose close relatives have a similar problem, which is associated with a hereditary predisposition.

Other factors can also provoke the development of the disease:

  • hormonal disruptions;
  • disruption of the endocrine system (especially the thyroid gland);
  • weakening of the immune system;
  • hypovitaminosis;
  • unfavorable ecological situation;
  • improper skin care;
  • excessive sweating;
  • irrational nutrition;
  • lack of sleep;
  • uncontrolled medication, especially hormonal;
  • exacerbation of chronic diseases;
  • the presence of an infection in the body;
  • dysfunction of the nervous system, manifested in the form of epilepsy or schizophrenia;
  • diabetes;
  • pathology of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • frequent stressful situations;
  • overwork;
  • malignant tumors in the adrenal glands or genitals.

Symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis on the face

Symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis on the face include:

  • the appearance of pink, red or burgundy spots on the skin;
  • the formation of white or yellowish scales and hemorrhagic crusts;
  • peeling of the skin;
  • irritation and increased sensitivity of the skin;
  • itching and burning of varying intensity.

The course of the disease is aggravated in autumn. In the summer, unpleasant symptoms usually disappear.

If the ducts of the sebaceous glands are clogged, then acne appears.

The disease is especially severe in men who grow beards and mustaches. Large plaques form under the hairline, which eventually turn into papules. If an infection joins, then erythroderma is also detected. When the papules merge, edematous areas are formed, painted in red.

Symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis are similar to those of other dermatological diseases. Therefore, only a doctor can make a correct diagnosis after a thorough examination of the patient.

How to treat seborrheic dermatitis on the face?

When symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis appear on the face, treatment should be carried out by a specialist. Self-medication can only worsen the condition.

The dermatologist will examine the patient’s skin and send it to a laboratory examination. If necessary, he will advise you to consult a neurologist, endocrinologist, gastroenterologist, andrologist or gynecologist. Based on the diagnostic results, the doctor will select the optimal treatment, which should be comprehensive. First, the dermatologist prescribes weak drugs. If they do not have the desired result, then it goes to the potent ones.

To effectively cope with the disease, it is imperative to identify and eliminate the cause of the disease. If dermatological problems are caused by disorders in the digestive system, then the patient is referred to a gastroenterologist. After the examination, he will prescribe suitable medications, most often enzymes, sorbents and choleretic agents. Enzymes and choleretic drugs will restore the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, and sorbents will remove toxic substances from the body.

Treatment for nasal dermatitis usually includes:

  • compliance with the diet prescribed by the specialist;
  • drug therapy;
  • physiotherapy;
  • maintaining personal hygiene with gentle means.

Drug therapy involves taking:

  • antihistamines – relieve itching;
  • probiotics – restore intestinal microflora and normalize the functioning of the digestive tract;
  • vitamin complexes – strengthen the immune system and increase the body’s resistance.

In addition to medicines intended for oral use, external agents are recommended that have a moisturizing, anti-inflammatory and antifungal effect.

Both glucocorticosteroid hormonal ointments and non-hormonal preparations can be used. But you need to know that glucocorticosteroids , although they have an effective effect (relieve inflammation, swelling and redness), they are addictive and, with prolonged use, provoke side effects (vasodilation, the formation of rosacea and telangiectasia, the development of erythema).

Therefore, it is better to give preference to non-hormonal drugs, among which the means of the Losterin series (cream, ointment, gel, shampoo) have shown particular effectiveness. They are characterized by a neutral composition, do not contain hormones, do not irritate the skin and are not addictive. The drugs included in the Losterin line can be used not only for adults, but also for newborn babies. They are recommended for daily use both during remission and in acute inflammation. Active substances ( naftalan , salicylic acid, natural oils, extracts of medicinal plants) are part of Losterin products in optimal proportions, which determines the most effective therapeutic effect. Even if seborrheic dermatitis has passed, Losterin should continue to be used so that there is no relapse.

Physiotherapy procedures will effectively complement medical treatment. Small doses of ultraviolet light will ease the course of the disease, restore the functioning of the sebaceous glands, relieve redness, swelling and itching.

Prevention of seborrheic dermatitis on the face

To prevent dermatitis on the forehead from causing a relapse, it is recommended to follow a few rules:

  • strengthen the immune system;
  • cleanse the body of toxins and toxins;
  • exclude from the diet salty and spicy foods, fatty and smoked foods, marinades, spices and spices, sweets, chips and crackers, foods containing preservatives, flavor enhancers and dyes;
  • introduce fermented milk products into the menu, which include lacto- and bifidobacteria, animal proteins, bran, buckwheat, oatmeal;
  • cook food in vegetable oil;
  • restore the digestive system.