Treatment of foot mycosis in the initial stage

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

The leading position among fungal diseases all over the world today is occupied by foot mycosis. The name “mycosis” in this case has a collective character that defines two characteristic diseases caused by two types of fungi.
Mycosis of the foot can also be caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida and mold.
Mixed flora can also be caused by mixed flora, which combines different types of microorganisms.
The distributor of this infection and its carrier is an infected person. For infection, direct contact is not needed: just touching household items that could get particles of skin or affected nails, in which the fungus will spore. Disputes are surprisingly tenacious in the environment, can safely survive in the environment, waiting for favorable conditions for reproduction – heat and moisture. Even in chlorinated water, spores live up to a crescent moon; alcohol kills them in two hours. It is easiest to get the fungus in the pool, pedicure room, bathhouse, on the beach, in the gym, on the rink. Risk factors are wearing someone else’s shoes, especially at the rental points, using a common towel. Such factors are not excluded among households, if one received spores of the fungus.
Do not think that in any risky case, infection should occur: the skin has bactericidal properties, is equipped with fungicides that inhibit the development of microorganisms. The chemical composition of sebum is designed in such a way that it creates a protective coating for the skin. An excellent protection is also the pH protection level. Unfortunately, he is very sensitive to hormonal fluctuations. Therefore, such human-independent changes in the acid-base balance can provoke the development of fungi on the skin, especially if there are predisposing factors. There are two of them.
1. Reasons that violate the integrity of the skin through the fault of the victim himself: wearing uncomfortable, rubbing shoes, as well as low-quality shoes in which the leg does not breathe and sweats; leg injuries. High dryness, resulting in microcracks, as well as deformations of the feet, leading to scuffs and calluses.
2. Systemic problems in the endocrine system, problems with blood vessels, changes in skin pH, renal failure and associated circulatory disturbances in the limbs, as well as long-term use of antibiotics

Manifestations of mycosis

The most common foot disease of fungal origin is rubrophytia. It starts with the defeat of the interdigital folds, goes to the sole, side parts and even the rear of the feet. Accompanied by coarsening of the skin on the sole, a feeling of dryness. The lesion proceeds with mild, periodically worsening symptoms.
Epidermophytosis has an acute course, occurs against a background of increased sweating. Symptoms of the lesion are often only on one foot; Often, individual areas are affected, mainly the folds between the fingers adjacent to each other. As a result of the development of infection, the stratum corneum exfoliates, forming cracks. Such erosions in conjunction with purulent cocci are delayed by bloody purulent crusts. Itching in the early stages of the disease turns into soreness in the later stages. Epodermophytes more often occur in the hot season, when sweating is most intensified.
The use of external drugs act as an important component in the treatment of fungal diseases of the feet. In this case, a fungal infection can be cured by external means without problems if treatment is started in an unreleased stage. If there is an attachment of a bacterial infection or the lesion is of a mixed nature, antifungal agents of a multifunctional nature will be needed. For example, anti-fungal effects of such drugs have anti-inflammatory and antipruritic effects.
Treatment of complex recurrent infections involves a change in antifungal drugs to avoid the resistance of fungi.
Pharmacology has accumulated rich experience through the development of microbiology, practical mycology. The composition of the preparations includes such widely known components. Like salicylic acid, sulfur, chlorine, iodine, etc.
An increase in the level of foot mycosis lesion is caused by insufficient sanitary culture and a lack of knowledge about the methods of infection with this infection, self-medication and the lack of prevention and basic precautions.

Green nail syndrome

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

A change in the color or shape of the nail can be an indicator of various pathologies or injuries. The cause may be a bacterial infection, dystrophy of the nails. A known and common cause of deformation and discoloration is a fungus. The color of the nail can change so radically that the nail takes on a green tint. What does such a clear sign of the disease indicate as the appearance of green spots on the nail plate, and how to get rid of it?

Pseudomonies, or green nail syndrome, are caused by two causes:

  1. Mold fungi caused infection

In the foci of damage, mold is formed from spores and has a greenish color. Most often it is concentrated in the places of deburring and contact of the skin with the nail plate. Mold spores can easily touch the nail plate and the skin around it. In a favorable environment, mold infection develops rapidly and spreads quite easily. Thanks to this ability, mold can “move” from one nail to another in a short time. So that mold spores do not settle on your nails, you must follow basic sanitary and hygienic rules. For example, take particular care of the skin around the nails, especially if there are cracks or burrs on it. Gloved home and garden work is important. Often, mold fungi, appearing on the nails with green spots, appear after a long period of application of false and other types of extended nails. If you cannot completely refuse this cosmetic procedure, take breaks at least sometimes. At the slightest suspicion of a pathological change in the nail plate, it is necessary to remove the artificial coating of the nails and consult a specialist – dermatologist.

  1. If the infection of the nail plate is caused by the bacterium pseudomonous onychia, from which the disease itself is called “pseudomonium”.

A favorable environment for the propagation of pseudomonous onychia is constantly moist places, such as showers, rugs, washcloths, etc. If contact with the skin occurs in such a favorable environment, the bacterium is easily transferred to it, especially if there is damage. Penetrating microcracks of a damaged nail, the bacterium develops, the damaged area acquires a greenish tint. Onycholysis is a pathological process of complete or partial exfoliation of the affected nail.

What favors the occurrence of green nail syndrome:

Abuse of nail extension procedure

Permanent contact with ground and detergents

Systematic traumatic effect on the nail plate

Permanent contact of the nail with a damp environment.

How to avoid the further spread of infection

To avoid the further development of a bacterial or fungal infection and the development of green nail syndrome, it is enough to follow simple hygiene rules. The first of them is known to everyone: in public places, especially those associated with water procedures, as well as at home and even at a party, you need to have your own slippers. Avoid walking barefoot in crowded places. A person suffering from a fungus on his feet himself needs to take precautions and not walk barefoot at home. It is also necessary to use personal hygiene items: scissors, nail files, towels. You can also protect your feet from infection with green nail syndrome by selecting comfortable, non-squeezing foot and non-soaring shoes. Adequate, gentle care for the nail and the skin around it is also a significant factor in protecting against bacterial or fungal attacks.

However, not everything does not always depend on a person’s personal efforts. You do not have a 100% guarantee that you will be able to avoid infection. If someone in the family is infected with a fungal or bacterial infection, such as green nail syndrome, if you use artificial nails for a long time; if you go to the common showers after playing sports, to the pool or sauna, then you are at risk. There are modern personal protective equipment: antifungal sprays, creams, aerosols. However, if you have been in the situation described above, you are still at risk. Carefully inspect the nails while leaving for the appearance of green spots: if any, immediately contact a specialist, otherwise you will be a source of infection for other people, and it will spread further on your body.

Do not forget that the use of alternative methods can sometimes even further damage the nail cause and lead to irreversible consequences. Do not use iodine, vinegar, which can lead to burns and permanent deformation of the nail without the prospect of recovery. Unfortunately, all these victims will not affect the disease itself – green nails. Therefore, at the slightest suspicion of the appearance of the syndrome of green nails, deformations, stratification of the nails, certain rules must be strictly followed. Clean nails from any decorative coating, neutralize with a solution of any disinfectant, such as miramistin or chlorhexidine. Wet intensively and abundantly, several times a day. If there is inflammation, redness around the nail, natural antiseptic agents such as tea tree oil can be used.

Do not fully rely on such ambulance events. If there is no visible effect, do not continue self-medication! Do not expect green nail syndrome to disappear on its own. On the contrary, the infection threatens an even greater spread, up to damage to the joints of the fingers, which will significantly complicate and delay the treatment process. Therefore, remember how important it is to timely seek medical attention from a specialist.

Coin- like eczema

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

A chronic and recurring form of dermatosis of an allergic nature, manifested on the skin by the appearance of a rash of various kinds, causing itching.
Causes of the appearance of coin-shaped eczema

Inhibition of the function of the cellular and humoral immunity determines this skin pathology. As a reaction of the immune system to the effects of any antigen, an inflammatory stain appears on the skin. An important role in the occurrence and development of this pathology is played by such factors:
• Diagnosed vegetovascular dystonia
• Hormonal imbalance • Disruptions
in the functions of the nervous system
• Pathologies of the digestive system
• Decrease in trophic features of tissues
• Disruptions in the general metabolic pattern
• Stress
• Serious nutritional deficiencies
• Contact with allergens such as chemicals.
According to the source of origin, eczema may be of microbial origin. It appears as a result of secondary microbial infection of existing skin lesions, such as trophic ulcers, burns and other wound defects. One type of microbial eczema is the so-called coin-shaped eczema. This type of dermatosis is caused by bacteria.
Symptoms of coin-like eczema

Causes of the occurrence and methods of treating coin-shaped eczema
Nummular, or so-called coin-like eczema, has a detailed examination of its own characteristics. Erosions have a rounded, clearly limited circle shape with a diameter of one and a half to three centimeters, sometimes larger (due to the shape of the rashes it is called coin-like). The color of the spots is cyanotic – red, and vesicles, small vesicles with a transparent yellowish liquid, are visible from above.
After some time, weeping erosive plaques remain in place of bursting bubbles. Subsequently, erosion is delayed and in their place flakes and crusts become visible. The most common location is the back of the palms, the bends of the arms and legs. Less common on other parts of the body.
A rapidly disappearing form of this type of eczema is called eczematide. Outwardly, they are very similar to ordinary coin-shaped eczema, but the foci are covered only with scales. Rashes are accompanied by severe itching and burning. When scraping in place of the flakes, point erosion with visible droplets of liquid is visible.

Diagnosis of the disease

Seborrheic eczema, plaque psoriasis, pink lichen have similarities with coin-shaped eczema. Therefore, difficulties with diagnostics can arise even for a specialist: a thorough examination through a magnifying glass is necessary, as well as identifying the causes when interviewing a patient. Circulatory disturbance that occurs with varicose veins, microtrauma, fungal lesions often precede this type of eczema. In particularly difficult cases, tissue histology may be required.
Therapy of coin-shaped eczema
The first condition for overcoming this skin pathology is the elimination of all possible causes predisposing its appearance. Such causes may be a malfunction of the nervous system, various microbial infections, a malfunction of the hormonal balance and digestive tract. To eliminate the causes, there are a number of physiotherapeutic procedures and all kinds of drugs.
So, to overcome neurotic disorders, antidepressants, sedatives and more powerful tranquilizers are used. To begin with, the expert will advise you to try more gentle folk methods: infusions of soothing plants, such as chamomile, lemon balm, valerian, motherwort and others.
Antimicrobials are administered intravenously and intramuscularly. Plaque eczema cannot be treated without the use of antiallergic drugs, such as diazolin, suprastin, etc.
If the digestive tract is suspected of causing eczema, then enzyme preparations and drugs to eliminate dysbiosis will come to the rescue. Among the physiotherapeutic procedures in the fight against this type of eczema are popular applications of paraffin, mud, ozone, acupuncture, ultra-wave therapy, ultraviolet rays.
It is also necessary to carefully monitor the sterility of the affected surface. Joining a secondary infection, viral or bacterial, very seriously delays the treatment of the disease.
Diet as an effective way to prevent and treat various skin pathologies.
In any of the manifestations of skin rashes, dieting is effective. It is recommended to avoid:
• Spicy seasonings and various spices
• Alcohol
• Pickles and marinades
• Citrus fruits
• Fish products
• Citrus fruits
• Red berries
• Eggs
• Nuts
• Products that contain dyes and preservatives.
It is recommended to eat dairy products, plant foods. All products are preferably prepared in a gentle way: cook or bake, but do not fry or smoke.
It is difficult to overestimate the need to observe personal hygiene rules, timely treatment of various skin pathologies, allergic skin manifestations. Try to avoid contact with household chemicals, do not abuse cosmetics, synthetic, as well as woolen fabrics.
Unfortunately, getting rid of coin-like eczema is forever unrealistic. Therapeutic measures are aimed at relieving acute symptoms such as burning and itching. Subject to the recommendations of a specialist, careful implementation of the recommendation, people manage to achieve a certain result in the treatment of coin-like eczema.
It is difficult to predict the nature and duration of remission due to the individual characteristics of the individual, as well as the adequate identification of the causes of eczema and carefully selected medications. For this reason, only an experienced specialist can engage in the diagnosis and selection of therapy.

Treatment of fungal diseases of nails

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Fungal diseases of nails are included in the group of diseases of an infectious nature, the causative agents of which are pathogenic fungi. A huge number of people worldwide suffer from fungal diseases of nails.

Ways of infection with fungal diseases of the nails

According to the results of recent studies, it can be concluded that, as a rule, infection with nail fungus occurs in members of the same family who are constantly in direct contact with each other.

According to statistics, more than fifty percent of affected nails are affected by a fungus. Moreover, infection by fungus upon contact does not happen in all cases. For example, with reduced immunity, infection is more likely to occur. In addition, infection with a fungal infection of the nails can occur in the sauna or pool, in the gym or in contact with uninfected manicure and pedicure tools, etc.

The development of fungal nail disease

Fungal infection, penetrating the nail plate, can be localized at the edge of the nail, on the sides of the nail plate, near the cuticle of the nail or affect the entire nail plate. Affected by a fungal infection, the nails lose their healthy structure – they turn yellow and cloud, break and crumble. Over time, the nail affected by the fungus loses its luster and becomes thicker. The thickening of the affected nail is due to the active process of keratinization of the nail plate. The fastest nail crumbles on the sides.

The fungus, as a rule, first affects one nail, then spreads to the remaining nails. However, it happens that the fungus remains only on the first affected nail, without switching to others.

Treatment of fungal diseases of nails

Treatment of fungal diseases of the nails should be comprehensive. In the treatment of fungal diseases of the nails, it is necessary to strengthen and maintain general immunity, use local antifungal drugs, as well as means to normalize the general blood supply to the nails.

Preparations against the latest generation of fungi completely eliminate the fungal infection. Moreover, these funds not only destroy the pathogenic fungus, but also contribute to the growth of the nail plate. As a rule, the course of use of such drugs varies from two to four months.

For external use, modern medicine offers several effective remedies. These include antifungal ointments and creams, aerosols and varnishes. Some of these tools are used in hardware processing of the nail plate from the fungus. With their help, the removal of the keratinized layer of the nail becomes more effective and painless. During the treatment of fungal diseases of the nails, it is necessary regularly, as agreed with the dermatologist, to process not only the nail plates, but also items of clothing and things with which the person is in direct contact. This is necessary to avoid secondary infection by nail fungus. In the absence of treatment for a fungal nail disease, the disease can lead to the loss of the nail plate, which causes discomfort during walking and pain in the finger.

The results of modern studies have shown that the fungus not only spoils the nail, but also harms the body as a whole, since the development of the fungus produces toxins that provoke the occurrence of allergic reactions and a sharp decrease in immunity.

It must be remembered that without treatment, a fungal nail disease will not disappear on its own. For this reason, it is necessary to find out the presence of the fungus at home as early as possible, since the last stages of the development of the disease are very difficult to even the most effective treatment.

Otomycosis: symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

As you know, the human body is saturated with many bacteria, fungi and pathogens. They can be both beneficial and harmful. When people are healthy, they do not notice anything in the change with health. However, if there is an imbalance between the pathogenic flora of the body and the beneficial, then problems arise. So with its violation, you can encounter such a fungal disease as otomycosis, due to weakening of human immunity. 

If tingling in the ears begins to be felt, and they begin to itch, this indicates that active reproduction of the colonies has begun, but people usually do not take this seriously. Only when it is noticed that the itching additionally begins to be accompanied by congestion and tinnitus, when discharge of a darker color begins to appear (germination of mushrooms begins and the mycelium begins to deposit inside the skin), only then people will decide to consult a specialist.  

It should be noted that at the initial stage, this disease can be cured well and quickly, then after some time the otomycosis penetrates deeper and pain in the ear appears.

Signs or symptoms of otomycosis:

As a rule, people who have previously undergone antibiotic treatment and those whose protective functions are weakened are predisposed to this disease. The main symptoms of the disease are:

  • persistent and unbearably severe itching inside the ear;
  • hypersensitivity of the outer ear;
  • feeling of stuffiness and noise in the ear;
  • seborrheic crusts or slight curdled discharge appear;
  • headaches from an unhealthy ear are possible.

To independently determine whether a person suffers from otomycosis, it is enough to simply clean the ears. If after ear hygiene on a cotton turund there remains a dark, almost black powder-like coating or a gray curd mass, then there is a high probability that the patient suffers from otomycosis.

Causes of otomycosis

Experts often call the main reason for the occurrence of this fungal disease, however strange it may seem, excessive cleanliness – attempts to clean the ear canal almost to sterility. As a result, the microflora inside the ear loses its protective properties, and the fungus begins to multiply. Since it is favorable to him a warm, humid environment, which is devoid of natural protection (in this case, sulfur).

In addition, there are a number of other causes of otomycosis:

  • eczema;
  • dermatitis of the skin;
  • purulent otitis media;
  • antibiotic therapy leading to the development of dysbiosis contributing to the active propagation of fungi;
  • microtrauma on the skin of the ear canal;
  • long-term treatment with hormonal drugs;
  • industrial hazards: stay in damp, dusty rooms.

Can otomycosis be cured on its own?

All fungal diseases, in particular otomycosis, cannot be cured on their own, since there are so many types of fungi that can only be treated with specific drugs. Correctly establish the pathogen of the fungus after determining its type in the laboratory.

After determining the type of fungus: yeast-like or moldy, the doctor prescribes treatment with a specific drug that acts on this particular type of fungus.

  • Treatment can be both external and internal. An antifungal medicine is individually selected that acts on the type of fungus identified by laboratory research.
  • Before using antifungal external ear therapy, it is necessary to read the memo:

– first you need to clean the ear canal with a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide;

– after, having moistened a cotton swab in an antifungal ointment or solution, it is inserted into the ear canal and holds there for 20 minutes;

– this procedure is repeated 1 or 3 times a day for 2-4 weeks;

– after a 10-day break, the course of treatment is repeated.

  • During treatment of fungal infections, antibiotic use is discontinued. Also a very important condition in the treatment of otomycosis is a diet. At the same time, nutrition should be full and rich in vitamins, allergen products, as well as sweets and flour, are excluded from the diet.
  • If after a month after undergoing treatment, the tests showed the absence of fungus, then the diagnosis is removed.

Otomycosis, like all fungal diseases, is infectious, so you can catch the ailment in such public places as the pool, as well as in everyday life. Therefore, it is very important to know the measures for the prevention of infection with this disease.

Preventive measures

To prevent this infectious disease by surprise:

  • observe personal hygiene, especially thorough and frequent hand washing;
  • constantly increase the body’s defenses – by strengthening the immune system;
  • for various diseases of the ear, you need to carefully conduct his toilet;
  • use only personal belongings: towel, linen (individual and bed);
  • relapses of the disease, despite treatment, are likely, therefore, to avoid relapse for prevention, you should wipe your ears with a cotton swab moistened with an antifungal agent once a day for a month after recovery.


Otomycosis is a fungal disease that begins imperceptibly just with the fact that the ears begin to itch. Turning to the doctor in a timely manner, one will not have to make great efforts to treat him. 

Common skin problems in newborns. Rashes, diaper rash, prickly heat

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Ideally, the skin of the baby should be clean, velvety, a pleasant pink color. However, almost all parents will sooner or later face such a problem as a rash, prickly heat, or diaper rash on the skin of the child. In most cases, such manifestations are short-lived and go away on their own, it is only necessary to strengthen measures for caring for a newborn child. However, in some cases, drug therapy or even special treatment is required to eliminate unpleasant lesions. In order not to get lost and make wrong decisions for the treatment of a rash on the baby’s skin, it’s useful to know what types of rash, irritation and inflammation are most common in children.

A rash is a pronounced change in the color and texture of the skin. The color of the rash can match the color of the skin of the child, be a shade darker or lighter than it, have a bright red color. The texture of the rash varies from flat to scaly and bumpy.

The most common problem in newborns is diaper rash and sweating – irritations that occur as a result of skin contact with feces and urine or due to excess heat and excessive moisture on the surface of the skin. In addition, some infectious and fungal diseases can become the cause of the rash on the baby’s body, which, although they are not serious problems, require immediate, special treatment.

How to recognize the type of rash on the skin of a newborn?

The usual diaper rash (rash on the buttocks and in the inguinal region) appears due to the increased humidity of this area, due to the constant wearing of the diaper, after prolonged contact of the skin with urine and feces. 

A yeast rash in the inguinal region appears due to the active growth of a yeast such as Candida. This irritation of the skin differs from ordinary diaper rash in a more saturated red color and the presence of small red seals at the edges of the rash. For the treatment of yeast rash, special medicines prescribed by the pediatrician must be used. 

Sweating or heat urticaria occurs when the sweat glands of the skin become blocked. Most often, sweating appears in newborns due to excessive wrapping of the baby, but it can also occur in older children, especially in hot, park weather. Thermal urticaria looks like small red bumps or blisters in the neck, chest, armpits, under the knees, on the back of the child. 

Acne on the skin of newborns appears under the influence of maternal hormones. Usually such red bumps with white tops appear on the baby’s face in the first days after birth. No measures need to be taken to remove them, since acne passes by itself during the first month of the child’s life. Sometimes such rashes can be observed at 3-4 months of age and do not disappear up to a year, but they should not cause any concern, neither in parents nor in the baby. 

Seborrheic dermatitis is a rash that looks like small red spots of a round shape, covered with a thin scaly crust. Usually, seborrheic dermatitis appears on the baby’s head in the first months of life. A factor provoking such a rash is a yeast like Malassezia furfur. As a rule, seborrheic dermatitis disappears on its own, although in severe cases of damage, medical treatment may be required. 

Eczema is a skin disease that can occur due to hereditary factors, as well as be a consequence of more serious diseases, such as asthma or allergies. External symptoms of eczema in young children are dry, flaky skin, which has a dark pink or red color in the lesions. Rash accompanied by severe itching and burning. It is impossible to treat eczema in children on their own, in this case, you need to consult a doctor for help! 

Craving for sweets may indicate serious illness

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Fans of sweets – sweet tooths – believe that there is nothing wrong with their passion. However, as experts from the USA have proved, a painful passion for sweet food can be a manifestation of various diseases, including quite serious ones.

Sugar for the sweet tooth is a real drug, which they can hardly resist. However, the body is often unable to digest a large amount of sugar entering the digestive tract. This is the reason for various diseases, in particular diabetes.

What diseases can be indicated by the desire to eat sweets. The first is obesity and thyroid disease. These ailments occur when consuming a large number of sweets, as well as coffee and fast food. Fungal and bacterial lesions, which often develop irritable bowel syndrome, can lead to the development of a painful craving for sweets. Sugar use in turn creates an already growing population of pathogenic bacteria, ideal conditions for existence and active reproduction. To eliminate this ailment, you should limit the use of sweets and do not exhaust the body with antibiotic drugs.

Another phenomenon leading to the desire to eat sweets is PMS and menopause. In this situation, to improve well-being, it is necessary to exclude sweets from the diet and take vitamin B6.

Fungal skin lesions

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Fungal skin lesions are very common. Another name for fungal skin lesions is mycosis. It is easy to assume that the causative agent of the disease is a specific microorganism – cutaneous fungus. Most often, fungal lesions are localized on the skin of the legs.

What conditions can trigger the development of fungal skin lesions:

– Cracks in the skin of the legs, especially in the interdigital spaces. Typically, such phenomena affect people with excessive sweating of the skin of the legs. In addition, cracks can form due to dry skin and even serve as symptoms of diabetes;

– diseases of blood vessels, frostbite, constant standing position of the body, varicose veins of the lower extremities, reduced protective functions of the immune system, diseases associated with the endocrine glands.

How does the development of fungal skin lesions occur

Fungal skin lesions can be infected from a person already suffering from this disease. In addition, infection can occur through contact with the personal effects of an infected person. In this regard, public places, such as swimming pools and steam rooms in public saunas, can be dangerous. Particularly dangerous places with high humidity. The fact is that it is high humidity and temperature that create suitable conditions for the development of a skin fungus population. The skin of the legs more often than other areas of the body is affected by the fungus, since, among other things, it almost entirely consists of keratin.

Having penetrated the skin of the legs, the fungus begins to actively grow. But its development is very slow. In other words, the fungus at first eats the nails on the toes, and then begins to spread to the skin.

Signs of fungal infection of the skin of the legs

With the development of fungal infections of the skin of the legs, small cracks between the toes begin to form at first. Then peeling begins, after which the skin begins to itch and itch.

Symptoms of fungal skin lesions, in general, can be reduced to the following manifestations:

– the nail loses its shine and becomes dull;

– the nail changes color pathologically, becoming black or yellow;

– the nail begins to break, and the surface becomes rough;

– the affected nail pathologically thickens or, on the contrary, thins to an extreme degree;

– there is a painful deformation of the nail plate;

– the cuticle near the affected nail either does not suffer from a fungal infection, or becomes inflamed.

With the development of fungal skin lesions, the nail plates become almost impossible to trim, as they are very thick. In addition, pain can occur, since a thickened nail puts pressure on the skin underneath.  

How is the diagnosis of fungal skin lesions

Diagnosis of fungal skin lesions, as well as the treatment of this pathology, is the task of a dermatologist. The first thing a specialist should do is to take a skin sample, scraping, to determine the type of fungus and prescribe it based on this adequate treatment. Self-treatment of fungal skin lesions is unlikely to be effective, since therapy should be based on all individual characteristics and the current condition of the patient.

The danger of fungal skin lesions is that it is extremely difficult to stop its development. Even if after treatment a tiny number of the pathogen remains on the skin, the disease will certainly start again. In addition, the fungus can capture other areas of the skin. A radical case of damage is a fungal infection of the internal organs. In the easy stage, fungal skin lesions are treated with topical agents – ointments and solutions.  

Skin and sexually transmitted diseases

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
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Skin and sexually transmitted diseases represent a wide group of dermatological pathologies, which are directly studied by dermatology and mycology, and special sexually transmitted diseases, the diagnosis and treatment of which is performed by gynecology and venereology.

Most skin and venereal diseases are represented by STDs, which are characterized by external skin symptoms in the form of lichen spots, pustules and papules, warts and all kinds of spots. Typical skin and sexually transmitted diseases are genital herpes, molluscum contagiosum, syphilis and more. However, there are diseases whose symptoms appear on the mucous membranes, for example, thrush or trichomoniasis. On the other hand, there are also skin and venereal diseases that do not have any dermatological manifestations, for example, cytomegalovirus or infection with chlamydia. 

In addition to STDs, skin and sexually transmitted diseases involve certain fungal infections of the skin and hair and other epidermal diseases that are not related to venereology. Such pathologies should include scabies, the causative agent of which is a microscopic tick, demodicosis and a variety of pustular lesions of the epidermis.

Quite often, skin and sexually transmitted diseases develop due to the course of intestinal dysbiosis or against the background of reduced protective forces of the immune system, since, with good health and reliable immunity, the body itself can suppress the development of a viral disease on its own.

Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of skin and sexually transmitted diseases

Diagnosis and treatment of skin and venereal diseases is directly related to the features of their development and the reasons that caused them. Causes of pathogens should be noted pathogens such as microbes and parasites, fungi and irritants. In addition, the location of the occurrence of a developing disease, for example, the genitals or scalp, plays a significant role in the diagnosis. For this reason, the diagnosis and treatment of skin and venereal diseases involves contacting specialists with a narrow focus – venereologists, dermatovenerologists, gynecologists. 

Of great importance is the prevention of the development of skin and sexually transmitted diseases, since there are a huge number of pathologies, the infection of which and transmission can occur by accident, for example, in transport or on the street, in a store or in a movie.

As a rule, the everyday way of spreading the infection is characteristic of dermatological non-venereal pathologies, for example, fungal diseases of the skin or nails. In order to avoid infection, it is necessary to exclude contact with personal hygiene items – with towels, bedding, socks, shoes.

Skin-venereal disease, herpes, can have two varieties – HRV-1, which is popularly referred to as the common cold; HRV-2, which is an infectious sexually transmitted disease. All of these varieties of the disease can be transmitted from an infected person through unprotected sexual contact or domestic spread.

Diagnosis and treatment of skin and venereal diseases should be comprehensive, since it often happens that the diseases occur accompanied by each other. This is especially true of genital infections with dermatological manifestations. 

If you suspect an infection with any skin-venereal disease, you should contact the appropriate specialist. Self-medication can aggravate the course and outcome of the disease.

Hand skin diseases

Dr. Hooman-Khorasani
Posted in Uncategorized

Hand skin diseases are common. More often than others, there are diseases of the skin of the hands caused by fungal infections. In this case, damage to the upper layers of the skin develops. The danger with hand skin diseases is that of infection. Damaging the top layer, it can easily penetrate into the deeper layers, significantly complicating the treatment. Signs of fungal skin diseases include redness, itching, and inflammation. A timely visit to a dermatologist, diagnosis and treatment appointment will avoid serious problems with the disease.

In fact, the skin of the hands of each person is inhabited by certain mushrooms, so no specialist in the field of dermatology can guarantee that the hands are absolutely sterile. As long as the human body has the ability to withstand the spread of pathogens of skin diseases of the hands, the symptoms of the lesion do not appear. Nevertheless, under the condition of weakened immunity or some kind of concomitant diseases, bacteria begin to multiply rapidly, since the body’s immune forces do not have enough power to cope with a disease starting its development.  

The initial symptom of the development of diseases of the skin of the hands of fungal origin is scabies on the skin of the hands. This manifestation alone should force a person to take urgent measures until the disease has passed into the chronic stage. By the way, the transition of the disease from acute to chronic occurs very quickly.

To eliminate itching from the skin of the hands, it is useful to make baths with a decoction of a string, bitter wormwood or medicinal chamomile. To prepare such a bath, you need to take a tablespoon of grass, brew a glass of boiling water and let it brew for thirty minutes. A twenty-minute procedure is enough to get rid of scabies. After steaming your hands, wipe them dry and apply petroleum jelly on the skin.

The most common tea has a powerful effect in the fight against fungal diseases of the skin of the hands, since the acidic compounds that make up its structure destroy pathogenic bacteria, and the scabies on the hands go away.

If the disease of the skin of the hands of fungal origin has already entered into full force, then cracks may begin to form in the interdigital space. In this case, hand baths with essential oils and sea salt will be useful . All these tools perfectly kill pathogenic bacteria. In addition, after their application, a protective film forms on the skin of the hands, which protects against further deeper infection. 

If the infection affects the deeper layers of the skin, ulcers may appear on the hands. In this case, it is recommended to use ammonia dissolved in water for the treatment of ulcers. A quarter cup of ammonia must be taken into a glass of warm water. The bath is done for twenty minutes, then the hands are thoroughly wiped and greased with a greasy cream.

Running diseases of the skin of the hands require more thorough treatment. Most likely, antifungal ointments and creams will be prescribed. The composition of such funds includes powerful antibacterial components. However, self-medication in such a situation can lead to disastrous results.

In diseases of the skin of the hands, as is the case with any other disease, their prevention is extremely important. In order to prevent diseases of the skin of the hands, it is necessary to follow a few simple recommendations – always keep your hands clean and comply with hygiene rules.

If it happens that the disease of the skin of the hands is hereditary, you should not panic, as timely diagnosis and treatment started will prevent the development of complications.