Varicose eczema is a disease that manifests itself in people suffering from varicose veins of the lower extremities. It is mainly diagnosed in older people, more often in women than in men.
The most common is varicose eczema of the lower extremities (especially often the signs of the disease appear in the calf area), since the legs are more exposed to stagnant processes. In other parts of the body, the disease is extremely rare.
Causes of varicose eczema
Usually, eczema manifests itself in people with diagnosed varicose veins of the lower extremities. With this disease, the proper functioning of the venous valves, due to which blood stagnates in the vessels of the lower extremities. Due to the poor outflow of venous blood, fluid collects in the surrounding tissues, and erythrocytes and leukocytes penetrate into the subcutaneous tissue. In this case, the skin becomes inflamed and swells, acquires a darker color.
In addition to diseases of the vessels of the lower extremities, people with varicose eczema on the legs may have other health problems:
• cardiovascular insufficiency;
• thrombosis affecting deep veins;
• injury to the legs (especially dangerous long-term fractures, thermal and chemical burns);
• excess weight, which increases the load on the legs;
Symptoms of varicose eczema
In the corresponding section, you can see photos that show how the initial stage of varicose eczema on the legs develops: the skin swells and becomes inflamed, covered with bright red or bluish spots, bubbles that crack over time, forming open wounds and cracks. The patient suffers from severe itching and burning, especially in the evening and at night. Combing wounds, he can bring an infection, which worsens the course of the disease.
After the rash resolves, the skin often acquires a darker shade.
In the absence of proper treatment, varicose eczema passes into the chronic stage shown in the photo. For her, in addition to the symptoms already described, a pronounced thickening of the skin is characteristic – the so-called. sclerosis. In some cases, varicose eczema develops around trophic ulcers, which are a complication of varicose veins.
Despite the pronounced symptoms, only a specialist can make a correct diagnosis after an external examination, studying the history of the disease and obtaining the results of the examination.
In most cases of varicose eczema, an examination of the vessels in the affected area is required. For this purpose, ultrasound is most often prescribed.
How to treat varicose eczema?
With varicose eczema, it is necessary to combine symptomatic therapy with measures aimed at eliminating the underlying disease.
A set of measures aimed at reducing the manifestations of varicose veins is being developed by a vascular surgeon – phlebologist. It includes drug treatment (drugs are prescribed that strengthen the vascular walls and normalize venous outflow), as well as wearing compression stockings, exercise therapy, massage, physiotherapy. If there are indications, the issue of surgical removal of varicose veins is considered.
In the treatment of varicose eczema on the legs, local remedies are also used that relieve itching and relieve unpleasant symptoms. Quickly improve the general condition of the patient and contribute to the stabilization of external hormonal agents. Their use is usually limited to a period of 2-3 weeks to avoid unwanted side effects.
The means that can reduce wetting, restore broken skin and cope with bacterial complications include Losterin zinc-naftalan paste. Thanks to the naftalan and zinc included in the composition, inflammation is reduced, itching is eliminated, and the skin structure is restored. After weeping has stopped, Losterin cream is applied to prevent an exacerbation of the disease.
The Losterin line does not contain hormones, is not addictive, is well tolerated, so it can be used to care for sensitive skin for a long time.
Prevention of varicose eczema
Prevention of this disease consists in the treatment of varicose veins, as well as proper skin care. For personal hygiene, it is better to use cleansing agents that have a mild effect, with a bactericidal effect, which do not contain alkalis, for example, Losterin shower gel or cream-soap.

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