Translated from the Greek language ” atopy ” means alien. It is as an illegal invasion of their possessions that our body considers the penetration of allergens into it. The response that occurs in this case is the active production of immunoglobulin. We observe the external manifestations of this internal “war” on the skin. Swelling and redness appear first, then itching begins, the child scratches the rash, which leads to the formation of cracks and peeling.
Causes of atopic dermatitis in children
Among all types of dermatitis in children, the most common is atopic. Whether a child of 5 years old will get dermatitis can be said even before his birth. If parents look into their past and answer the question of whether they are familiar with the symptoms of dermatitis, this will help to predict the child’s predisposition to the disease.
Other relatives, less close: aunts, uncles, grandparents, can also award such an inheritance as baby dermatitis. If someone in the family has a gene that causes a similar reaction to any stimulus, there is a chance that the child will also have it.
Most often, the first symptoms of atopic dermatitis in children are noticed by parents in infancy. But if the reaction was insignificant, they may not pay attention to it. The big surprise for mom and dad is the fact of getting dermatitis at an older age, when they stop carefully monitoring the nutrition of their son or daughter.
There is a chance that the child will outgrow the dermatitis. The childhood form of this disease may recede after passing such a milestone as adolescence.
Features of atopic dermatitis in children of preschool and primary school age
If atopic dermatitis in a child of 1 year old manifests itself mainly on the face and the so-called folds, then in older children it also affects the neck, hands, folds of large joints. It may be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- skin redness
- severe itching in the area of the rash
- the appearance of individual rashes within reddened skin
- peeling or weeping lesions
- the formation of crusts in the places of scratching.
How to treat dermatitis in a child
For parents whose son or daughter are sick, the question of how to cure dermatitis in a child is quite natural. Self-treatment always carries the risk of missing any additional symptoms. They may not be visible to the naked eye.
Drugs for atopic dermatitis in children can only be prescribed by a doctor. Therefore, in the clinic, your child will be offered to undergo a complete examination.
External treatment of skin dermatitis in children consists in the rapid removal of the exacerbation of the disease with anti-inflammatory external preparations and the long-term use of moisturizing preparations that can maintain the skin in a normal state without exacerbation. The means of long-term use include Losterin cream , which contains traditional, non-hormonal components. They are not addictive and cope well with the symptoms of the disease.
Treatment of childhood dermatitis is impossible without diet. Exclude from the menu all products containing preservatives, try to provide a full-fledged “home” food.
Prevention of dermatitis in children is to avoid contact with the allergen.