Dermatitis that develops on the lower extremities can be caused by both external and internal causes. Usually the ankles are affected, but there are also cases when dermatitis on the legs also affects the feet. There is no need to be afraid of this disease – with the right approach, its symptoms subside rather quickly and do not cause concern to the child.
External factors leading to dermatitis in children
When comparing photos of foot dermatitis with their child’s feet, parents often wonder what they did wrong. In fact, dermatitis is not the result of neglect of health. This is a disease that is equally likely to affect anyone. But if the trouble has already occurred, and you are trying to find an explanation for it, it will not be superfluous to find out why dermatitis occurs on the lower leg.
It is caused by such external factors:
- wearing uncomfortable shoes or boots (tight or smaller) or sandals that are made of synthetic material that causes allergies;
- skin contact with non-natural tissues during physical exertion (when the body is actively sweating);
- sharp temperature fluctuations;
- prolonged exposure to direct sunlight
- touching cold or hot objects;
- contact with allergenic plants;
- bacterial or viral infection;
- aggressive washing powders and detergents.
Can dermatitis be provoked by internal causes?
Dermatitis on the legs of a child also appears due to internal factors:
- decreased immunity due to an infectious disease;
- vascular pathology;
- disruption of the endocrine system;
- the appearance of pathogenic flora in the body;
- genetic predisposition (atopic dermatitis on the legs of a child);
- nervous experiences.
Dermatitis on the feet of children: photos and signs
Depending on the ways in which irritants enter the body, dermatitis is divided into the following types:
- atopic dermatitis on the legs
It manifests itself in the form of redness on the skin in the area of the knee and ankle joints, peeling, feeling of dryness and itching. If left untreated, sores will begin to form due to constant scratching. It is important not only to cope with the exacerbation of the disease, but also to prolong the remission!
- allergic (contact) dermatitis
Photos of eczema in children on the legs show that bubbles form on the soles of the child with a clear liquid inside. When he combs them, the bubbles burst and wounds form. It is important in the treatment of this form of dermatitis not to allow it to turn into a chronic disease that will bother the child even when he grows up.
Treatment of dermatitis on the legs in patients of preschool and school age
Treatment of dermatitis on the legs of a child depends on the type of rash and the stage of the disease. In the acute period, systemic therapy (the use of tablets) may be required, external anti-inflammatory treatment is mandatory. With atopic dermatitis, the doctor will immediately prescribe moisturizers that will restore the skin and cope with dryness. With eczema, such remedies will be required only after the disappearance of all the bubbles.
Additionally, consultations of related specialists (allergist-immunologist, endocrinologist, etc.), laboratory examinations to identify the causes of the disease may be required.