Thrush in women is a fairly common disease. Its causative agent – the fungus of the genus Candida ( of Candida ). In healthy women, this fungus “lives” in the vagina in small quantities. But under some conditions, Candida begins to multiply actively, causing a disease – vulvovaginal candidiasis.
Specialists identify several risk factors that contribute to the development of the disease:
prolonged wearing of an intrauterine device
tight synthetic clothing (especially underwear)
hormonal diseases (for example, diabetes mellitus)
immunodeficiency (for example, in chronic diseases of internal organs – pyelonephritis, bronchitis, tonsillitis, adnexitis, etc.) the
use of certain drugs (for example , antibiotics, hormonal drugs)
Typical manifestations of thrush in women:
cheesy discharge (not always)
pain, burning during urination, intercourse
pain in the lower abdomen
In some cases, thrush can be easily eliminated. But sometimes long-term treatment is required. The disease can come back again and again. This can be facilitated by chronic diseases of internal organs (gastritis, anemia, bronchitis, uterine fibroids, pyelonephritis, etc.), stress, antibiotic treatment, the use of hormonal drugs.
For the treatment of thrush, various antifungal drugs are used ( pimafucin , fluconazole, terzhinan , etc.). In each case, the drug, dose and duration of treatment should be selected by a gynecologist after examination. In addition to antifungal agents, the doctor may prescribe other drugs. For example, anti-inflammatory, tonic or immunomodulators.
Some experts recommend excluding foods that can cause allergies from the diet. Such a diet will help reduce swelling and inflammation of the mucous membranes.
With thrush, it is advisable to limit:
chocolate, sweets, sugar
exotic fruits (mango, papaya, avocado, etc.)
Research has been reported in the literature that a diet with limited sweets accelerates recovery from candidiasis.
In terms of hygiene, it is recommended to wear only cotton underwear. Synthetic does not allow air to pass through well, which the fungus will really like. Candida also loves humidity. Therefore, after using the toilet, gently pat your genitals with a soft cotton cloth. Try to do without underwear whenever you can (for example, while sleeping). This will improve ventilation, dry out the mucous membranes, which will adversely affect the fungus.