Skin and sexually transmitted diseases represent a wide group of dermatological pathologies, which are directly studied by dermatology and mycology, and special sexually transmitted diseases, the diagnosis and treatment of which is performed by gynecology and venereology.

Most skin and venereal diseases are represented by STDs, which are characterized by external skin symptoms in the form of lichen spots, pustules and papules, warts and all kinds of spots. Typical skin and sexually transmitted diseases are genital herpes, molluscum contagiosum, syphilis and more. However, there are diseases whose symptoms appear on the mucous membranes, for example, thrush or trichomoniasis. On the other hand, there are also skin and venereal diseases that do not have any dermatological manifestations, for example, cytomegalovirus or infection with chlamydia. 

In addition to STDs, skin and sexually transmitted diseases involve certain fungal infections of the skin and hair and other epidermal diseases that are not related to venereology. Such pathologies should include scabies, the causative agent of which is a microscopic tick, demodicosis and a variety of pustular lesions of the epidermis.

Quite often, skin and sexually transmitted diseases develop due to the course of intestinal dysbiosis or against the background of reduced protective forces of the immune system, since, with good health and reliable immunity, the body itself can suppress the development of a viral disease on its own.

Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of skin and sexually transmitted diseases

Diagnosis and treatment of skin and venereal diseases is directly related to the features of their development and the reasons that caused them. Causes of pathogens should be noted pathogens such as microbes and parasites, fungi and irritants. In addition, the location of the occurrence of a developing disease, for example, the genitals or scalp, plays a significant role in the diagnosis. For this reason, the diagnosis and treatment of skin and venereal diseases involves contacting specialists with a narrow focus – venereologists, dermatovenerologists, gynecologists. 

Of great importance is the prevention of the development of skin and sexually transmitted diseases, since there are a huge number of pathologies, the infection of which and transmission can occur by accident, for example, in transport or on the street, in a store or in a movie.

As a rule, the everyday way of spreading the infection is characteristic of dermatological non-venereal pathologies, for example, fungal diseases of the skin or nails. In order to avoid infection, it is necessary to exclude contact with personal hygiene items – with towels, bedding, socks, shoes.

Skin-venereal disease, herpes, can have two varieties – HRV-1, which is popularly referred to as the common cold; HRV-2, which is an infectious sexually transmitted disease. All of these varieties of the disease can be transmitted from an infected person through unprotected sexual contact or domestic spread.

Diagnosis and treatment of skin and venereal diseases should be comprehensive, since it often happens that the diseases occur accompanied by each other. This is especially true of genital infections with dermatological manifestations. 

If you suspect an infection with any skin-venereal disease, you should contact the appropriate specialist. Self-medication can aggravate the course and outcome of the disease.

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