Dermatological diseases are recognized by experts as the most complex phenomena. It is often difficult to explain the nature of a particular skin ailment. The provoking factors for the formation of specific spots, seals, “moles” or warts can be both internal reactions of the body and external contact interactions. The difficulty of identifying the true causes of the disease is also characteristic of psoriasis, a widespread type of dermatosis.
According to experts, the striking activity of psoriasis “competes” with a similar indicator of diabetes. The frequency of new cases of the development of skin abnormalities partly explains the etymology of this disease. When determining the possible causes of the disease, it is important to evaluate the symptoms of psoriasis on two grounds: the location and intensity of the rash.
How to visually identify psoriasis?
In general, psoriasis is extensive skin lesions in the form of specific red plaques covered with a light or white scaly crust. The primary signs of the disease are marked by the appearance of small formations. The proliferation of plaques is largely facilitated by independent attempts to eliminate them.
If the appearance of psoriasis was not preceded by mechanical trauma to the skin, the first spots can appear on any part of the human body. The preferred location for psoriatic skin abnormalities is the back, neck, arms, less often the frontal part, head and legs. In the acute period of the development of the disease, the symptoms of psoriasis are manifested by profuse rashes with scaly components, accompanied by severe itching in the lesions.
Chronic psoriasis (after several months) is represented by a decrease in the activity of neoplasms. In this case, the old plaques gradually thicken, covered with characteristic white scales.
The final phase in the development of psoriasis is a period of regression. At this time, the skin formations become less noticeable or disappear altogether. The disease goes into a regression stage, but outbreaks of exacerbations are possible at any time. It is not possible to completely cure psoriasis.
Sources of psoriasis
Some of the most obvious causes of psoriasis are disorders of the immune system. Improper diet, chronic fatigue, and bad habits play an active role.
The primary symptoms of psoriasis are often found in people with mental disorders. A common cause of the disease is a genetic predisposition, while the risk of developing psoriasis is high in first- and second-line relatives (children and grandchildren). One of the most common provocateurs of skin pathology is any mechanical damage to the skin – scratches, abrasions, stab and cut wounds, burns (thermal or chemical).
Treatment of “traumatic” psoriasis appears to be the most successful. While multifactorial varieties of the disease (immune, hereditary, psychosomatic) are recognized as incurable even with the maximum elimination of its formal signs.
The main method of influencing complex psoriasis is immunomodulatory therapy. The patient may be assigned a special anti-allergenic diet. Often, a course of psychological adaptation and climatotherapy (treatment at sea or mud resorts) are added to the standard treatment regimen. The effectiveness of this healing method is recognized by experts as low.
An unfavorable prognosis for the course of the disease is announced to HIV-infected patients, as well as to those with a high erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR).
Of course, the manifestations of psoriasis are an extremely unpleasant process, complicated by symptoms. The absence of the only correct treatment algorithm, the impossibility of establishing the true causes of the disease formally correlate psoriasis with the list of incurable diseases. At the same time, experts recognize the exceptional nature of this ailment. While not a deadly disease, psoriasis can manifest itself as a self-limiting pathology.