Microbial eczema is an inflammatory skin disease that is accompanied by itching, blistering rash and is completely non-contagious. However, if you do not treat the disease in time, then the body can develop a number of infectious inflammations, which can lead to a breakdown of the nervous system, headaches, and insomnia.
Causes of Microbial Eczema
Most often, microbial eczema occurs in people with weakened immunity, as a result of which the human body becomes more susceptible to the ingestion of various microorganisms. Any wounds, burns and scratches that have a purulent course can become a favorable environment for the initiation of infection. After some time has elapsed around the wound or scratch, a round-shaped rash appears. As a result, pustules begin to spread on the skin, and all this is accompanied by burning and severe itching in the affected area.
At risk of infection with microbial eczema are people with weakened immunity, with impaired functioning of the nervous system, with problems in the digestive system. In addition, non-observance of personal hygiene rules can also become a factor provoking the occurrence of this disease, since foci of eczema appear most often on the extremities and in places of excessive sweating. Also among the culprits of microbial eczema are problems with varicose veins, the presence of fungal diseases of the nails, skin of the legs, as well as long non-healing wounds.
One of the first symptoms of the onset of the disease is itching. As a rule, you want to scratch the affected area of the skin, which subsequently leads to the appearance of a rash, wounds and, as a result, the spread of the lesion.
Coin-like eczema is one of the varieties of microbial eczema. Symptoms of coin-like eczema are the appearance of swelling and weeping purulent crusts on the affected areas of the skin. In this case, lesions occur, as a rule, on the upper limbs (mainly on the palms), but the rash can spread to other parts of the body. If the treatment rules prescribed by the dermatologist are not followed, the disease can be recurrent.
Recently, microbial eczema has become quite common not only in adults, but also in children. If you find the first symptoms of the disease in you or your loved ones – do not even try to engage in “self-diagnosis” and self-medication. Only a qualified doctor, having determined the nature of the causative agents of the disease, establishing the main cause of its occurrence, and also having studied the nature of the course of microbial eczema, will be able to prescribe you the right treatment. For example, if microbial eczema is caused by a fungal infection, the doctor first of all does not prescribe antibiotics, but antifungal drugs.
Effectively in the treatment of microbial eczema, antifungal ointments that dry the skin well and accelerate the process of crust formation. The ointment is applied to a bandage or gauze and applied to the affected area of the skin.
Disinfection of lesions is carried out with the help of brilliant green, which is applied about three times a day. Antihistamines are prescribed to relieve itching. Also, in cases of limb lesions, warm soda compresses and baths will be effective, since soda perfectly dampens any irritation on the skin.
As a rule, if microbial eczema is detected at an early stage, then with proper treatment, the rashes begin to disappear after three to four days. Then the skin requires mandatory, scrupulous, thorough care. The skin care products for eczema include various natural lotions, creams and ointments that do not irritate the skin. In addition, in contact with contaminated objects, hands must always be protected by disposable rubber gloves.
When treating, it is very important to follow a diet (cereals, boiled meat, fruits, vegetables) and refuse sweets, canned fried and salted products, alcohol. Affected areas of the skin should be carefully protected from possible mechanical or chemical injuries, synthetic and chemical household products should be excluded from use.
With timely access to a doctor and compliance with all his prescriptions, the outcome of the disease, as a rule, is favorable.