Eczema of the hands is an inflammatory lesion of the skin, accompanied by rashes, abscesses, peeling and weeping erosive formations. The patient feels itching and burning in the affected area. This disease is not life-threatening, not contagious, but it brings a person moral and physical discomfort. Urgent treatment required. In advanced cases, treatment is long-term and not always effective.
The exact reasons are not fully determined, but doctors suggest some of their types:
- Contact with dyes, flavors
- Wearing rings, watches, bracelets that are made of alloys
- Taking analgin, paracetamol and aspirin
- Fungal, bacterial infections, helminths
- Insect bites
- Abuse of artificial products
- Allergen products
- Stress and neuroses
- Diseases of the kidneys, liver, stomach and intestines
- Hormonal disorders
The skin of the hands is subject to various eczema: true, microbial and professional. It also happens to be wet and dry. The top layer of the hands, fingers, spaces between the fingers becomes red and swollen. Vesicles, abscesses, erosions with discharge, merging of separate erosions into one, severe itching and burning appear.
Weeping eczema is characterized by classic symptoms, while dry eczema is manifested by the formation of cracks. The disease is complicated by stratified infections that lead to suppuration. This always reflects badly on a person’s well-being – the temperature rises.
Treatment should be done only under the supervision of a doctor using complex methods. External use of lotions, ointments and creams will not give a positive result. First of all, it is necessary to normalize the daily routine, rest more, follow a diet excluding allergenic foods.
The patient should take antihistamines, use external use – glucocorticosteroid ointments to relieve inflammation. In addition, preparations should be used to relieve irritation and soften the skin. For secondary infection, antibiotics are used.
Eczema is considered a chronic disease prone to recurrence. The prognosis of treatment is favorable. Doctors recommend following preventive measures:
- Normalize rest and work
- Avoid stress, overvoltage
- Eliminate alcohol
- Treat skin diseases in time.
Ointments and creams can be prescribed in chronic and acute periods. The composition includes a mixture of medicinal additives and fatty substances. Evaporation of the skin and heat transfer are slowed down. The blood vessels dilate and the skin gets warm. Medicated ointment softens and loosens the skin, which promotes deep penetration of the substance.
The most effective ointments: “Elokom”; “Celestoderm”, salicylic ointment and others.
Self-medication is strictly prohibited, so you need to contact a dermatologist so as not to aggravate the condition. The best and most effective drug for eczema can only be selected by a doctor. This will help to cure the disease completely or prevent the risk of relapse.