Skin diseases are among the most common on the planet. In addition to the main clinical symptoms, they cause great discomfort to the patient due to a pronounced aesthetic defect. An example of such a disease is dyshidrotic eczema . This is a chronic disease, often relapsing, affecting mainly the skin of the palms, hands and feet. Eczema is not particularly difficult to diagnose and is easily treatable, subject to early contact with a dermatologist.

The causes of this disease are still not fully established – scientists identify only factors that predispose to the development of eczema. These factors include stressful situations and extreme psycho-emotional overstrain. The cause of eczema can be frequent contact with allergens, both household (eg detergents) and food. The presence of endocrine diseases in humans, such as diabetes mellitus and hyperthyroidism, are also factors that provoke the appearance of eczema. And against the background of burdened heredity, the risk increases significantly.

Symptoms and diagnosis of the disease

The main manifestation of eczema is a rash on the back surface of the feet and hands, as well as on the plantar surface of the feet and in the interdigital spaces. Rashes are vesicles, no larger than 4 mm, containing a clear serous fluid. When ripe, the vesicles burst, and when dried, they form light yellow crusts.

Rash, i.e. dyshidrotic eczema , accompanied by severe itching, lead to nervousness and disturbed sleep of the patient. Since the vesicles lie in the deep layer of the epidermis, when combing, hemorrhagic smudges occur, which is manifested by the formation of bloody dark red crusts. In such a situation, it is necessary to avoid bacterial contamination of the wound, since upon contact with staphylococcal flora, infection will occur and pyoderma (a skin disease of a purulent nature) will develop.

For the diagnosis of dyshidrotic eczema is enough differentiate it from similar diseases. Fungal dermatitis, psoriasis and contact dermatosis have a similar clinical picture. But these diseases have other causes and a longer course.

eczema treatment

The fight against skin disease must begin with drug treatment. The patient is prescribed antihistamines , for example, Zirtek , Pipolfen , Suprastin or Tavegil. These drugs will reduce itching and calm the nervous system. Since the treatment of dyshidrotic eczema should be carried out in a complex manner, that is, with the simultaneous use of several methods, an equally important role belongs to hyposensitizing (magnesium sulfate, calcium gluconate) and immunocorrective ( methyluracil , thymalin) therapy. With a complicated course of the disease, aggravated by the presence of infection, additional antibiotic therapy is prescribed.

For local treatment, topical preparations are used – sulfuric ointment, salicylic ointment, lotions with a solution of tannin, amidopyrine, Burov’s liquid. To correct the immune state of the body, vitamin therapy is prescribed – vitamins of groups A, B, E, K.

To additional measures for the treatment of a disease such as dyshidrotic eczema , include physiotherapy. The most popular are thalassotherapy, UHF-therapy, UV-therapy, acupuncture. In the absence of contraindications, magnetic therapy can be prescribed. Electrophoresis and paraffin treatment are possible in the absence of infectious complications.

At home, it is appropriate to use baths for hands and feet from decoctions of chamomile, string, oak bark, sage, lavender. The total duration of such a procedure should be no more than 10-20 minutes. We must not forget that the treatment will be ineffective if you do not initially eliminate any contact with the alleged allergen.

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