A chronic and recurrent form of dermatosis of an allergic nature, manifested on the skin by the appearance of a rash of various types that causes itching.
Reasons for the appearance of coin-like eczema The
suppression of the function of the cellular and humoral divisions of immunity determines this skin pathology. As a reaction of the immune system to the action of any antigen, an inflammatory spot appears on the skin. An important role in the occurrence and development of this pathology is played by the following factors:
• Diagnosed vegetative-vascular dystonia
• Hormonal imbalance • Disruptions
in the functions of the nervous system
• Pathologies of the digestive system
• Decreased trophic features of tissues
• Disruptions in the general metabolic pattern
• Serious nutritional deficiencies
• Contact with allergens such as chemicals.
According to the source of origin, eczema can be of microbial origin. It appears as a result of secondary microbial infection of already existing skin lesions, such as trophic ulcers, burns and other wound defects. One type of microbial eczema is the so-called coin eczema. This type of dermatosis is caused by bacteria.
Symptoms of coin eczema
Causes of occurrence and methods of treatment of coin eczema
Nummular, or the so-called coin eczema, has its own characteristics when examined in detail. Erosions have a rounded, clearly limited circle shape with a diameter of one and a half to three centimeters, sometimes larger (thanks to the shape of the eruptions, it is called coin-shaped). The color of the spots is cyanotic-red, and from above are visible vesicles, small bubbles with a transparent yellowish liquid.
After some time, weeping erosive plaques remain in place of the bursting bubbles. Subsequently, erosion is delayed and in their place scales and crusts become visible. The most common location is the back of the palms, the folds of the arms and legs. Less common on other parts of the body.
The rapidly disappearing form of this type of eczema is called eczematid. Outwardly, they are very similar to the usual coin-shaped eczema, but the foci are covered only with scales. The rash is accompanied by severe itching and burning. When scraping in place of the scales, point erosion is visible with emitted droplets of liquid.
Diagnosis of the disease
Seborrheic eczema, plaque psoriasis, lichen rosacea have similarities with coin-like eczema. Therefore, difficulties with diagnosis can arise even for a specialist: a thorough examination through a magnifying glass is necessary, as well as identifying the reasons when interviewing a patient. Circulatory disorders occurring with varicose veins, microtrauma, fungal lesions often precede this type of eczema. In particularly difficult cases, tissue histology may be required.
Coin eczema therapy
The first condition for overcoming this skin pathology is the elimination of all possible causes predisposing its appearance. Such reasons can be malfunctions of the nervous system, various microbial infections, hormonal imbalance and the digestive tract. To eliminate the causes, there are a number of physiotherapy procedures and all kinds of drugs.
So, to overcome neurotic disorders, antidepressants, sedatives and stronger tranquilizers are used. To begin with, the specialist will advise you to try more gentle folk methods: infusions of soothing plants such as chamomile, lemon balm, valerian, motherwort and others.
Antimicrobial drugs are given intravenously and intramuscularly. Plaque eczema cannot be treated without the use of antiallergic drugs, such as diazolin, suprastin, etc.
If the alimentary tract is suspected of the occurrence of coin eczema, then enzymatic drugs, as well as drugs to eliminate dysbiosis, will come to the rescue. Among physiotherapeutic procedures in the fight against this type of eczema, applications of paraffin, mud, exposure to ozone, acupuncture, ultra-wave therapy, and ultraviolet rays are popular.
It is also necessary to carefully monitor the sterility of the affected surface. The addition of a secondary infection, viral or bacterial, very seriously delays the treatment of the disease.
Diet as an effective way to prevent and treat various skin pathologies
In any of the manifestations of skin rashes, diet is effective. It is recommended to avoid:
• Hot spices and various spices
• Pickles and marinades
• Citrus fruits
• Fish products
• Citrus fruits
• Red berries
• Products containing dyes and preservatives.
It is recommended to eat dairy products, plant foods. It is advisable to cook all products in a gentle way: cook or bake, but not fry or smoke.
It is difficult to overestimate the need to comply with the rules of personal hygiene, timely treatment of various skin pathologies, allergic skin manifestations. Try to avoid contact with household chemicals, do not abuse cosmetics, synthetic and woolen fabrics.
Unfortunately, getting rid of coin eczema forever is unrealistic. Therapeutic measures are aimed at relieving acute symptoms such as burning and itching. Subject to the recommendations of a specialist, careful implementation of the recommendation, people manage to achieve a certain result in the treatment of coin-like eczema.
Predicting the nature and duration of remission is difficult due to the individual characteristics of the individual, as well as adequate identification of the cause of eczema and carefully selected medications. For this reason, only an experienced specialist can deal with the diagnosis and selection of therapy.